Biosphere Reserve of India

Biosphere Reserves: – The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated under the ‘Man and Biosphere’ (MAB) programme by UNESCO in 1970. The first biosphere reserve of the world was established in 1979, since then the network of biosphere reserves has increased to 669 in over 120 countries across the world (MAB, 2017) including 20 transboundary/ transcontinental sites.

Presently, there are 16 biosphere reserves in India. Out of these 16 biosphere reserves, 7 are recognised by UNESCO on World Network of Biosphere Reserves. These 7 biosphere reserves are:- Nilgiri (2000), Sunderbans (2001), Gulf of Mannar (2001), nanda devi (2004), Nokrek (2009) and Simlipal (2009).

 

List  of Biosphere reserves of India:- 

S. No.Biosphere ReserveYear of establishmentState/UT
1.Nilgiri1986Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
2.Nanda Devi1988Uttarakhand
3.Nokrek1988Meghalaya
4.Great Nicobar1989Andaman & Nicobar Islands
5.Gut of Mannar1989Tamil Nadu
6.Manas1989Assam
7.Sunderbans1989West Bengal
8.Simlipal1994Orissa
9.Dibru Sakhowa1997Assam
10. Dehang Dehang1998Arunachal Praesh
11.Pachmarhi1999Madhya Pradesh
12.Khangchen Ozonga2000Skkim
13.Agasthyamalai2001Kerala
14.Achanakmar-Amarkantak2005Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
15.Kachchh2008Gujrat
16.Cold Desert2009J & K and Himachal Pradesh
17.Seshachalam Hilis2010Andhra Pradesh
18.Panna2011Madhya Pradesh

 

Note:-

1st Biosphere Reserve of India: – Nilgiri

Largest Biosphere Reserve of India: – Cold Desert

2nd Largest Biosphere Reserve: – Kachchh

Smallest Biosphere Reserve:- Dibru Sakhowa

 

 

Attempt The Quiz Based On Above Topic

1. ‘Man and Biosphere’ (MAB) programme by UNESCO was initiated in ?

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.:- (c)

2. Total Biosphere Reserves in India:

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.:- (b)

3. Which one was the India’s 1st Biosphere Reserves recognised on World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO ?

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.:- (d)

4. Which one is India’s Largest Biosphere Reserves?

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.:- (c)

5. Which one is India’s Smallest Biosphere Reserves ?

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.:- (d)

Facebook Comments
myonlinepathshala

Written by 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *