Research is a detailed study of a subject undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge of man, culture and society and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems or develop new theories. To test the validity of instruments, procedures or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. There are several forms of research: scientiﬁc, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, etc.
Academic publishing describes a system that is necessary in order for academic scholars to review the work and make it available for a wider audience. Most academic work is published in book form. There is also a large body of research that exists in either a thesis or dissertation form. Many researchers spent their time applying for grants for research funds. These grants are necessary not only for researchers to carry out their research, but also as a source of merit.
- Why is research conducted?
(a). Research is conducted in order to verify information.
(b). Research is conducted in order to minimize the result of previous works.
(c). Research is conducted in order to destroy facts.
(d). Research is conducted in order to develop new problems.
- What is research?
(a). Research is a process having no practical use.
(b). Research is the creation of new forms of knowledge.
(c). Research is the destruction of previous works.
(d). Research is the attempt to limit the growth of knowledge.
- Select the answer which best reflects the view expressed the passage.
(a). Research can thrive without grants.
(b). Researchers never apply for grants.
(c). Documentation is important in research.
(d). Grants are not based on merit.
- How many kinds of research are there?
(a). There are two different kinds of research.
(b). There are different kinds of research.
(c). There is only one kind of research.
(d). There are seven different kinds of research.
- Choose the most appropriate answer from this passage.
(a). Academic publishing is meant only for experts.
(b). Academic publishing is meant to benefit the general public.
(c). Academic publishing is meant only for professionals.
(d). Academic publishing is meant only for academicians.
Ans.: – 1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (b) 5. (b)