THE HINDU VOCABULARY

101). Infant (Noun)

Meaning: a very young child or baby.

Synonyms: Baby, newborn, young child, little child

Usage: Their first year at infant school.

102). Mortality (Noun)

Meaning: the state of being subject to death.

Synonyms: Impermanence, temporality, transience, perishability

Usage: the work is increasingly haunted by thoughts of mortality.

103). Hapless (Adjective)

Meaning: unfortunate

Synonyms: unlucky, luckless, out of luck, cursed, doomed

Usage: The hapless victims of the disaster.

104). Persuade (Verb)

Meaning: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

Synonyms: talk someone into, coax, convince, make, get, induce, coerce, prompt

Usage: it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing.

105). Deserters (Noun)

Meaning: a member of the armed forces who deserts.

Synonyms: Runaway, renegade, fugitive, escapee

Usage: deserters from the army.

106). Tenure (Noun)

Meaning: the holding of an office.

Synonyms: incumbency, term of office, term, period of office, time

Usage: his tenure of the premiership would be threatened.

107). Bureaucracy (Noun)

Meaning: excessively complicated administrative procedure.

Synonyms: red tape, rules and regulations, protocol, officialdom

Usage: the unnecessary bureaucracy in local government.

108). Entangle (Verb)

Meaning: cause to become twisted together or with caught in.

Synonyms: Intertwine, entwine, tangle, intertwist, twist, ravel,

Usage: Fish attempt to swim through the mesh and become entangled.

109). Legitimate (Adjective)

Meaning: able to be defended with logic or justification; valid.

Synonyms: valid, sound, admissible, acceptable, founded.

Usage: these are legitimate grounds for unease.

110). Echelons (Noun)

Meaning: a level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society.

Synonyms: Level, rank, grade, step, rung, tier, plane, order, division.

Usage: the upper echelons of the business world.

111). Ambivalent (Adjective)

Meaning: having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.

Synonyms: equivocal, uncertain, unsure, doubtful indecisive, inconclusive, irresolute

Usage: Some loved her; some hated her, few we ambivalent about her.

112). Forsake (Verb)

Meaning: abandon or leave.

Synonyms: abandon, desert, leave, quit, depart from, leave behind

Usage: She forsook her child, giving him up for adoption.

113). Impudent (Adjective)

Meaning: not showing due respect for another person; impeitinent.

Synonyms: impeitinent, insolent, cheeky, audacious, brazen

Usage: He could have strangled this impudent upstart.

114). Inept (Adjective)

Meaning: having or showing no skill; clumsy.

Synonyms: incompetent, unskillful, unskilled, inexpert, amateurish

Usage: My attempts at baking were him but I fumbled on.

115). Novice (Verb)

Meaning: a person new to and inexperienced in a job or situation.

Synonyms: beginner, learner, inexperienced person

Usage: He was a complete novice in foreign affairs.

116). Salient (Adjective)

Meaning: most noticeable or important.

Synonyms: important, main, principal, major, chief, primary, notable

Usage: The salient points stuck out clearly in her mind.

117). Umbrage (Noun)

Meaning: offence or annoyance.

Synonyms: take offence, be offended, take exception, bridle, take something personally

Usage: She took umbrage at his remarks.

118). Serendipity (Noun)

Meaning: the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way.

Synonyms: chance, happy chance, accident, happy accident, fluke.

Usage: Technical innovation may be the result of pure serendipity.

119). Quaint (Adjective)

Meaning: attractively unusual or old-fashioned.

Synonyms: picturesque, charming, sweet, attractive, pleasantly old-fashioned.

Usage: Narrow streets lead to a quaint bridge over the river

120). Truculent (Adjective)

Meaning: eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.

Synonyms: defiant, aggressive, antagonistic, belligerent, pugnacious, bellicose

Usage: The truculent attitude of farmers to cheaper imports.

121). Persuade (verb)

Definition: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

Meaning: prevail on, talk someone into, coax, convince, make, get, press someone into

Usage: He tried to persuade her to come with him.

122). Traverse (Verb)

Definition: travel across or through

Meaning: travel over/across, cross, journey over/across, make one‘s way across

Usage: He traversed the deserts of Persia and Baluchistan.

123). Indulge (Verb)

Definition: allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.

Meaning: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to

Usage: We indulged in a cream tea.

124). Sway (verb)

Definition: move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backwards and forwards or from side to side.

Meaning: swing, shake, oscillate, rock, undulate, move from side to side

Usage: The curtains were swaying in the breeze.

125). Deteriorated (Verb)

Definition: become progressively worse.

Meaning: worsen, get worse, decline, be in decline, degenerate, decay

Usage: His condition has deteriorated in the intensive care unit.

126). Ramification (Noun)

Definition: a complex or unwelcome consequence of an action or event.

Meaning: consequence, result, aftermath, outcome, effect, upshot, issue.

Usage: Any change is bound to have legal ramifications.

127). Heap (verb)

Definition: put (objects or a loose substance) in a heap.

Meaning: Pile up, pile, stack up, stack, make a pile of, make a stack of

Usage: She heaped logs on the fire.

128). Rebel (noun)

Definition: a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or leader.

Meaning: revolutionary, insurgent, mutineer agitator

Usage: The rebels took control of the capital.

129). Substantial (adjective)

Definition: of considerable importance, size, or worth.

Meaning: considerable, real, material, weighty, soild, sizeable

Usage: Substantial progress had been made.

130). Utterly (adverb)

Definition: completely and without qualification; absolutely.

Meaning: completely, totally, absolutely, entirely, fully

Usage: He looked utterly ridiculous.

131). Congenial

Meaning: (of a person) pleasing or liked on account of having qualities or interests that are similar to one‘s own.

Synonyms: like-minded, compatible, kindred, well suited, easy to get along with

Usage: I was working with a bunch of very congenial people.

132). Strident

Meaning: (of a sound) loud and harsh; grating.

Synonyms: harsh, raucous, rough, grating, rasping, jarring, loud

Usage: A strident voice interrupted the consultation.

133). Confluence

Meaning: the junction of two rivers, especially rivers of approximately equal width.

Synonyms: convergence, meeting, junction, joining, conflux, watersmeet

Usage: The confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss.

134). Lavish

Meaning: sumptuously rich, elaborate, or luxurious.

Synonyms: sumptuous, luxurious, luxuriant, lush, gorgeous, costly

Usage: He held lavish dinner parties at his home.

135). Insolent

Meaning: showing a rude and arrogant lack of respect.

Synonyms: impertinent, impudent, cheeky, ill-mannered

Usage: She hated the insolent tone of his voice.

136). Vagrant

Meaning: a person without a settled home or regular work who wanders from place to place and lives by begging.

Synonyms: tramp, drifter, down-and-out, derelict, beggar, itinerant, wanderer

Usage: The old car was a Welcome shelter for the occasional vagrant.

137). Gregarious

Meaning: (of a person) fond of company; sociable.

Synonyms: sociable, social, company-loving, companionable, convivial

Usage: He was a popular and gregarious man.

138). Enigma

Meaning: a person or thing that is mysterious or difficult to understand.

Synonyms: mystery, puzzle, riddle, conundrum, paradox, problem,

Usage: How it works is a complete enigma to me.

139). Assuage

Meaning: make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.

Synonyms: Relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, dampen

Usage: The letter assuaged the fears of most members.

140). Sanguine

Meaning: optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

Synonyms: optimistic, bullish, hopeful, buoyant, positive

Usage: He is sanguine about prospects for the global economy.

141). Apocryphal

Meaning: (of a story or statement) of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true.

Synonyms: fictitious, made-up, untrue, fabricated, false,

Usage: An apocryphal story about a former president

142). Adage

Meaning: a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth.

Synonyms: saying, maxim, axiom, proverb, slogan

Usage: It is vital for every pilot to remember the old adage ‘safety first

143). Ersatz

Meaning: (of a product) made or used as a substitute, typically an inferior one, for something else.

Synonyms: artificial, substitute, imitation, fake, false

Usage: Ersatz emotion

144). Espionage

Meaning: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.

Synonyms: spying, undercover work, cloak-and- dagger activities, surveillance, reconnaissance

Usage: The camouflage and secrecy of espionage

145). Restive

Meaning: (of a person) unable to remain still, silent, or submissive, especially because of boredom or dissatisfaction.

Synonyms: restless, fidgety, edgy, on edge, tense, uneasy

Usage: The crowd had been waiting for hours and many were becoming restive.

146). Accolade

Meaning: an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit.

Synonyms: honour, recognition, privilege, award, gift, title

Usage: The hotel has won numerous accolades

147). Harbinger

Meaning: a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another.

Synonyms: sign, indicator, signal,

Usage: Witch hazels are the harbingers of spring.

148). Restraint

Meaning: unemotional, dispassionate, or moderate behaviour; self-control.

Synonyms: self-control, self-restraint, self-discipline, control

Usagie: The customary restraint of the British police

149). Trepidation

Meaning: a feeling of fear or anxiety about something that may happen

Synonyms: fear, apprehension, dread, fearfulness,

Usage: He sat in the waiting room, full of trepidation

150). Imperturbable

Meaning: unable to be upset or excited; calm.

Synonyms: self-possessed, composed, collected, calm, cool, calm

Usage: My father was a solid, imperturbable man

151). Inevitable

Definition: certain to happen; unavoidable.

Meaning: unavoidable, inescapable, bound to happen, sure to happen, unpreventable,

Usage: His resignation was inevitable.

152). Unassailable

Definition: unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated.

Meaning: impregnable, invulnerable, impenetrable, inviolable

Usage: The world’s most unassailable fortress.

153). Queer

Definition: strange; odd.

Meaning: odd, strange, unusual, funny, peculiar, curious, bizarre

Usage: It seemed gig to see the windows all dark.

154). Preponderance

Definition: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.

Meaning: prevalence, predominance, dominance

Usage: The preponderance of women among older people.

155). Redundant

Definition: not or no longer needed or useful; superfluous.

Meaning: unnecessary, not required, inessential, unessential

Usage: An appropriate use for a redundant church.

156). Consensus

Definition: a general agreement.

Meaning: agreement, harmony, concord, like mindedness, concurrence, consent

Usage: There is a growing consensus that the current regime has failed.

157). Debacle

Definition: a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.

Meaning: failure, catastrophe, disaster, disintegration, mess, wreck, ruin; downfall,

Usage: The only man to reach double figures in the second-innings debacle.

158). Beleaguer

Definition: lay siege to.

Meaning: besieged, under siege, blockaded, surrounded, encircled, hemmed in, under attack

Usage: He led a relief force to the aid of the beleaguered city.

159). Lacklustre

Definition: lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring

Meaning: uninspired, uninspiring, unimaginative, dull, humdrum, colourless,

Usage: No excuses were made for the team’s lackluster performance.

160). Menace

Definition: a person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger.

Meaning: danger, peril, risk, hazard, threat; jeopardy

Usage: A new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs.

161). Dampen

Meaning: Humidify, moisten, wet

Definition: Make slightly wet.

Usage: The fine rain dampened her face.

162). Vest

Meaning: invest in, grant to, give to

Definition: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.

Usage: Executive power is vested in the President

163). Illicit

Meaning: illegal, unlawful, banned

Definition: forbidden by law, rules, or custom.

Usage: Police were searching for the illicit drugs in the room.

164). glimpse

Meaning: brief look, glance

Definition: a momentary or partial view.

Usage: She caught a glimpse of the ocean

165). Delineation

Meaning: Presentation, description

Definition: the action of describing or portraying something precisely.

Usage: The artist‘s exquisite delineation of costume and jewellery

166). Intermittent

Meaning: broken, irregular, discontinuous

Definition: occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady.

Usage: They heard intermittent bursts of gun fire.

167). Transgression

Meaning: offence, crime, sin, wrong

Definition: an act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct; an offence.

Usage: They were granted full amnesty for their

168). Sovereignty

Meaning: Power, dominion, supremacy

Definition: Supreme power or authority.

Usage: Full West German sovereignty was achieved in 1955.

169). Blatant

Meaning: flagrant, glaring, obvious

Definition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.

Usage: She forced herself to resist his blatant charm

170). Periphery

Meaning: edge, margin, boundary

Definition: the outer limits or edge of an area or object.

Usage: New buildings on the periphery of the hospital site.

171). Derelict

Meaning: Unsafe, dangerous, hazardous, perilous, insecure

Definition: in a very poor condition as a result of disuse and neglect

Usage: A dereulict Georgian mansion

172). Fascinating

Meaning: Engrossing, captivating, absorbing, interesting, enchanting, beguiling, enthralling, riveting

Definition: extremely interesting

Usage: A fascinating book

173). Invoked

Meaning: Pray to, call on, appeal to, plead with, Supplicate, solicit

Definition: call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration

Usage: the antiquated defence of insanity is rarely invoked in England

174). Gadfly

Meaning: as a horsefly, botfly, or warble fly

Definition: a person who annoys others especially with constant criticism

Usage: loud sports commentator who was a tactless gadfly during post-game interviews with the losing team

175). Dissent

Meaning: Disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, argument, dispute.

Definition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

Usage: there was no dissent from this view.

176). Relevance

Meaning: applicability, application, appositeness, bearing, concernment, germaneness, materiality, pertinence, peitinency, relevancy.

Definition: the quality or state of being closely connected or appropriate.

Usage: This film has contemporary relevance.

177). Critique

Meaning: Analysis, evaluation, assessment, appraisal, review

Definition: a detailed analysis and assessment of something, especially a literary, philosophical, or political theory

Usage: A critique of Marxist historicism

178). Gestures

Meaning: Signal, signaling, sign, signing, motion, wave, ondication

Definition: a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.

Usage: he threw out both hands in a gesture of surrender.

179). Audacity

Meaning: Boldness, daring, bravery, courage, pluck, insolence

Definition: a willingness to take bold risks.

Usage: he whistled at the sheer audacity of the plan

180). Exemplify

Meaning: typify, epitomize, symbolize, be a typical example of.

Definition: illustrate or clarify by giving an example.

Usage: he exemplified his point with an anecdote.

181). Assent

Meaning: Agree to, accept, approve, consent to.

Definition: express approval or agreement.

Usage: the Prime Minister assented to the change.

182). Accord

Meaning: Give, grant, tender, present, award, hand, yield.

Definition: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Usage: the powers accorded to the head of state.

183). Porch

Meaning: vestibule, foyer, hall, entry, lobby, portal.

Definition: a covered shelter projecting in front of the entrance of a building.

Usage: the north porch of Hereford Cathedral.

184). Fiesta

Meaning: Festival, carnival, holiday, party.

Definition: an event marked by festivities or celebration.

Usage: the Bristol International Balloon Fiesta.

185). Fusion

Meaning: Blend, combination, amalgamation, joining, bonding.

Definition: the process or result of joining two or more things together to form a single entity.

Usage: the election results produced pressure for fusion of the parties.

186). Traverse

Meaning: cross, negotiate, travel over/across.

Definition: travel across or through.

Usage: he traversed the forest.

187). Genesis

Meaning: origin, source, root, beginning, start, outset.

Definition: the origin or mode of formation of something.

Usage: this tale had its genesis in fireside stories.

188). Civic

Meaning: Municipal, city, town, urban, metropolitan.

Definition: relating to a city or town, especially its administration; municipal.

Usage: a meeting of civic and business leaders.

189). Cooper

Meaning: Make, repair, barrel.

Definition: a maker or repairer of casks and barrels.

Usage: my father coopered casks and barrels for the ships.

190). Rover

Meaning: wanderer, traveler, drifter, brid of passage.

Definition: a person who spends their time wandering.

Usage: they became rovers who departed further and further from civilization.

191). Regiment

Meaning: Unit, outfit, force.

Definition: a permanent unit of an army typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel and divided into several. companies, squadrons, or batteries and often into two battalions.

Usage: the Royal Highland Regiment.

192). Infiltrate

Meaning: penetrate, invade, intrude on, permeate, enter.

Definition: enter or gain access to (an organization, place, etc.) surreptitiously and gradually, especially in order to acquire secret information.

Usage: the organization has been infiltrated by informers.

193). Interrogation

Meaning: questioning, cross-questioning, carechism, quizzing.

Definition: the action of interrogating or the process of being interrogated.

Usage: would he keep his mouth shut under interrogation?

194). Adjunct

Meaning: Supplement, addition, complement, extra.

Definition: a thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part.

Usage: computer technology is an adjunct to learning.

195). Armada

Meaning: fleet, flotilla, navy, squadron.

Definition: a fleet of warships.

Usage: an armada of forty-five warships.

196). Canon

Meaning: principle, rule, law, tenet, formula.

Definition: a general law, rule, principle, or criterion by which something is judged.

Usage: the appointment violated the canons of fair play and equal opportunity.

197). Vulnerable

Meaning: at risk, in peril, in danger, unsafe, unprotected.

Definition: exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Usage: we were in a vulnerable position.

198). Thrall

Meaning: power, control, grip, grasp, yoke.

Definition: the state of being in someone‘s power, or of having great power over someone.

Usage: she was in M to her abusive husband.

199). Trammel

Meaning: restraint, curb, check, impediment, barrier.

Definition: restrictions or impediments to freedom of action.

Usage: we will forge our own future, free from the trammels of materialism.

200). Revere

Meaning: respect, admire, prize, treasure, value.

Definition: feel deep respect or admiration for (something).

Usage: Cezanne‘s still lifes were revered by his contemporaries.

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