THE HINDU VOCABULARY

201). Robust

Meaning: durable, resilient, tough, hard-wearing, long- lasting, well made.

Definition: (of an object) sturdy in construction.

Usage: a robust metal cabinet.

202). Perhaps

Meaning: maybe, possibly, conceivably, feasibly

Definition: used to express uncertainty or possibility.

Usage: perhaps I should have been frank with him

203). Towering

Meaning: high, tall, lofty, sky-high, steep.

Definition: extremely tall, especially in comparison with the surroundings.

Usage: Hari looked up at the towering buildings.

204). Progenitor

Meaning: ancestor, forefather, forebear, parant.

Definition: a person who originates a cultural or intellectual movement.

Usage: his children were the progenitors of many of Scotland’s noble families.

205). Dynamism

Meaning: activity , progress.

Definition: the quality of being characterized by vigorous activity and progress.

Usage: the dynamism and strength of the economy.

206). Asymmetric

Meaning: lopsided, unsymmetrical, crooked.

Definition: having parts which fail to correspond to one another in shape, size, or arrangement; lacking symmetry.

Usage: the church has an asymmetrical plan with an aisle only on one side.

207). Prop

Meaning: buttress, support, brace, underpin, reinforce

Definition: support or keep in position

Usage: she propped her chin in the palm of her right hand

208). Assiduous

Meaning: diligent, careful, meticulous, thorough, sedulous, attentive

Definition: showing great care and perseverance.

Usage: She was assiduous in pointing out every feature

209). Episodic

Meaning: intennittent, irregular, sporadic, periodic, fitful

Definition: occurring occasionally and at irregular intervals.

Usage: volcanic activity is highly episodic in nature

210). Impervious

Meaning: impermeable, impenetrable, waterproof

Definition: not allowing fluid to pass through.

Usage: an impervious layer of basaltic clay

211). Capricious

Meaning: fickle, inconstant, changeable, variable, unstable, mercurial, erratic

Definition: given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour.

Usage: A capricious and often brutal administration

212). Empirical

Meaning: seen, factual, actual, real, verifable, first- hand

Definition: based on, concemed with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.

Usage: They provided considerable empirical evidence to support their argiment

213). Esoteric

Meaning: abstiuse, obscure, arcane, cryptic, difficult, puzzling

Definition: intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest.

Usage: Esoteric philosophical debates

214). Inevitable

Meaning: unavoidable, certain, sure, fated, inexorable

Definition: certain to happen; unavoidable.

Usage: war was inevitable.

215). Ostentatious

Meaning: showy, loud, fancy, ornate, affected, actorly, kitsch.

Definition: characterized by pretentious or showy display; designed to impress.

Usage: A simple design that is glamorous without being ostentatious.

216). Poignant

Meaning: moving, sad, touching, tearful, pitiful, tragic.

Definition: evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret.

Usage: A poignant reminder of the passing of time.

217). Sarcastic

Meaning: Sardonic, ironic, satirical

Definition: marked by or given to using irony in order to mock or convey contempt

Usage: Making sarcastic comments

218). Vain

Meaning: conceited, egoistic, egocentric, self-loving

Definition: having or showing an excessively high opinion of one‘s appearance, abilities, or worth.

Usage: Their flattery made him @

219). Trauma

Meaning: Injury, damage, hurt, wound, sore, cut, lesion

Definition: physical injury.

Usage: Rupture of the diaphragm caused by blunt trauma.

220). Aloof

Meaning: distant, detached, unresponsive, remote, stuffy

Definition: not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant.

Usage: They were courteous but faintly M

221). Indefatigable

Meaning: tireless, untiring, unwearied, unflagging.

Definition: (of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly.

Usage: An indefatigable defender of human rights.

222). Dilatory

Meaning: slow, unhurried, tardy, lax, slack, idle, lazy.

Definition: slow to act.

Usage: He had been dilatory in appointing a solicitor.

223). Martinet

Meaning: disciplinarian, taskmaster, tyrant, drill sergeant

Definition: a person who demands complete obedience; a strict disciplinarian.

Usage: The woman in charge was a martinet who treated all those beneath her like children

224). Unlawful

Meaning: illegal, illicit, illegitimate, against the law.

Definition: not conforming to, permitted by, or recognized by law or rules.

Usage: The use of unlawful violence.

225). Bequest

Meaning: legacy, inheritance, endowment, estate, heritage, bestowal, donation.

Definition: the action of bequeathing something.

Usage: A painting acquired by bequest.

226). Gullible

Meaning: credulous, trustful, naive, innocent, ignorant, simple, unguarded.

Definition: easily persuaded to believe something; credulous.

Usage: an attempt to persuade a gullible public to spend their money.

227). Deceptive

Meaning: misleading, illusory, illusive, ambiguous, delusive.

Definition: giving an appearance or impression different from the true one; misleading.

Usage: He put the question with deceptive casualness.

228). Elusive

Meaning: difficult to catch/find, difficult to track down.

Definition: difficult to find, catch, or achieve.

Usage: Success will become ever more elusive.

229). Tyranny

Meaning: despotism, absolutism, autocracy, dictatorship.

Definition: cruel and oppressive government or rule.

Usage: Refugees fleeing tyranny and oppression.

230). Rebate

Meaning: refund, repayment, partial refund.

Definition: a partial refund to someone who has paid too much for tax, rent, or a utility.

Usage: The scheme eases the move to the council tax by giving rebates in the first year.

231). Adhesion

Meaning: sticking, adherence, gluing, fixing, union, festening.

Definition: the action or process of adhering to a surface or object.

Usage: The adhesion of the gum strip to the paper.

232). Virtuoso

Meaning: genius, expert, master, artist, doyen.

Definition: a person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit.

Usage: A celebrated clarinet virtuoso.

 

233). Waif

Meaning: ragamuffin, guttersnipe

Definition: a homeless, neglected, or abandoned person, especially a child.

Usage: she is foster-mother to various M and strays

234). Ulterior

Meaning: Secondary, underlying, undisclosed, unexpressed, unapparent, hidden, covert

Definition: existing beyond what is obvious or admitted; intentionally hidden.

Usage: could there be an ulterior motive behind his request?

235). Telltale

Meaning: revealing, revelatory, meaningful, significant, meaning

Definition: revealing, indicating, or betraying something.

Usage: The telltale bulge of a concealed weapon

236). Stupor

Meaning: daze, state of senselessness.

Definition: a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility.

Usage: A drunken stupor.

 

237). Rescind

Meaning: revoke, repeal, cancel, overtrun, annul, withdraw.

Definition: revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement).

Usage: the government eventually rescinded the directive.

 

238). Acrimony

Meaning: rancor, ill feeling, bad blood, animosity, bitterness.

Definition: bitterness or ill feeling.

Usage: the AGM dissolved into acrimony .

 

239). Diminish

Meaning: decrease, decline, reduce, lessen.

Definition: make or become less.

Usage: The new law is expected to diminish the government’s chances.

240). Mirth

Meaning: merriment, high spirits, cheer, gaiety, fun, jollity, joy.

Definition: amusement, especially as expressed in laughter.

Usage: his six-foot frame shook with M

241). Corporeal

Meaning: bodily, fleshly, carnal, human, mortal, earthly

Definition: relating to a person‘s body, especially as opposed to their spirit.

Usage: He was frank about his corporeal appetites

 

242). Epigram

Meaning: quip, witticism, gem, jest, pun, sally.

Definition: a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way.

Usage: a Wildean epigram.

243). Laudable

Meaning: admirable, worthy, deserving, noteworthy, reputable, sterling.

Definition: (of an action, idea, or aim) deserving praise and commendation.

Usage: laudable though the aim might be, the results have been criticized.

244). Reluctant

Meaning: unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic, grudging, resisting.

Definition: unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.

Usage: She seemed reluctant to answer.

245). Plebiscite

Meaning: Vote, ballot, referendum.

Definition: the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.

Usage: the administration will hold a plebiscite for the approval of constitutional reforms.

246). Amateur

Meaning: non-professional, layman, layperson.

Definition: a person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid basis.

Usage: it takes five years for a top amateur to become a real Tour de France rider.

247). Exorcise

Meaning: drive out, cast out, expel.

Definition: rid (a person or place) of a supposed evil spirit.

Usage: infants were exorcised prior to baptism.

248). Antagonist

Meaning: adversary, opponent, enemy, foe, rival, competitor.

Definition: a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary.

Usage: the woman was forcing her antagonist’s face into the mud.

249). Aberration

Meaning: anomaly, deviation, abnormality, variation, quirk.

Definition: a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.

Usage: they described the outbreak of violence in the area as an aberration.

250). Brusque

Meaning: curt, abrupt, blunt, short, terse, brisk, crisp.

Definition: abmpt or offliand in speech or manner.

Usage: She could be brusque and impatient.

251). Quirky

Meaning: eccentric, odd, outlandish, offbeat, zany, weird.

Definition: having or characterized by peculiar or unexpected traits or aspects.

Usage: Her sense of humour was decidedly quirky.

252). Reconnaissance

Meaning: survey, exploration, observation, probe, scan.

Definition: military observation of a region to locate an enemy or ascertain strategic features.

Usage: An excellent aircraft for low-level I‘€COl’lll3lSS3I1C€.

 

253). Humdrum

Meaning: Dull, boring, tedious, monotomous, banal, ordinary, everyday.

Definition: lacking excitement or variety; boringly monotonous.

Usage: humdrum routine work.

254). Revamp

Meaning: renovate, redecorate, refurbish, recondition, rehabilitate, rebuild, overhaul.

Definition: give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to.

Usage: An attempt to revamp the museum‘s image.

 

255). Covet

Meaning: desire, crave, have one’s heart set on.

Definition: yearn to possess (something, especially something belonging to another).

Usage: I Let one of their smart bags.

256). Inadvertently

Meaning: Accidentally, by accident, unwittingly.

Definition: without intention; accidentally.

Usage: His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.

257). Misconstrue

Meaning: misunderstand, misinterpret, misconceive, miss, confuse, confound.

Definition: interpret (a person‘s words or actions) wrongly.

Usage: my advice was deliberately misconstrued.

258). Nonchalant

Meaning: Feeling, relaxed, calm.

Definition: (of a person or manner) feeling or appearing casually calm and relaxed; not displaying

anxiety, interest, or enthusiasm.

Usage: She gave a nonchalant shrug.

259). Nexus

Meaning: Connection, focal point.

Definition: a connection or series of connections linking two or more things.

Usage: The nexus between industry and political power.

260). Arson

Meaning: incendiarism, pyromania, fire-raising, firebombing.

Definition: the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property.

Usage: Police are treating the fire as M.

61). Bankrupt

Meaning: Insolvent, without, denuded of, vacant of.

Definition: completely lacking in a particular good quality.

Usage: His father went bankrupt and the family had to sell their home.

262). Abundant

Meaning: Plentiful, copious, ample, profuse, rich, lavish, liberal, bountiful, bumber.

Definition: existing or available in large quantities; plentiful.

Usage: there was abundant evidence to support the theory.

263). Acquittal

Meaning: Absolution, clearing, exoneration, exculpation.

Definition: a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.

Usage: the trial resulted in an acquittal.

264). Rudimentary

Meaning: Basic, elementary, introductory, early, primary, initial, first.

Definition: involving or limited to basic principles.

Usage: He received a rudimentary education.

265). Scruple

Meaning: hesitation, compunction, reservation, thought.

Definition: a feeling of doubt or hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action.

Usage: I had no scruples about eavesdropping.

266). Specious

Meaning: misleading, deceptive, false, unsound.

Definition: superficially plausible, but actually wrong.

Usage: A specious argument.

267). Tenacious

Meaning: finn, tight, fast, clinging, good.

Definition: tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.

Usage: A tenacious grip.

 

268). Unutterable

Meaning: indescribable, beyond words, unthinkable, inconceivable.

Definition: too great or awful to describe.

Usage: Moments of unutterable grief.

269). Dissentient

Meaning: dissenting, differing, discordant, negative.

Definition: in opposition to a majority or official opinion.

Usage: dissentient voices were castigated as ‘hopeless bureaucrats.

270). Cynicism

Meaning: scepticism, doubt, mistrust, distrust.

Definition: an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; skepticism.

Usage: public cynicism about politics.

271). Abhorrent

Meaning: detestable, hateful, loathsome, execrable.

Definition: inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant.

Usage: Racism was abhorrent to us all.

272). Renounce

Meaning: reject, repudiate, abandon, resign.

Definition: formally declare one‘s abandonment of (a claim, right, or possession).

Usage: Isabella offered to renounce her son’s claim to the French Crown.

273). Bizarre

Meaning: Strange, peculiar, odd, funny, curious, offbeat, outlandish, queer.

Definition: very strange or unusual.

Usage: a bizarre situation.

274). Scurrilous

Meaning: abusive, vituperative, derogatory, pejorative, libelous

Definition: making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.

Usage: A scurrilous attack on his integrity.

275). Calumny

Meaning: slander, libel, character assassination, calumniation.

Definition: the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander.

Usage: A bitter struggle marked by calumny and litigation.

276). Abundant

Meaning: plentiful, copious, ample, profuse, rich, liberal, opulent.

Definition: existing or available in large quantities; plentiful.

Usage: There was abundant evidence to support the theory.

277). Applaud

Meaning: clap, cheer, whistle, praise, commend, salute.

Definition: show approval or praise by clapping.

Usage: The crowd whistled and applauded.

278). Exonerate

Meaning: absolve, clear, acquit, discharge , release, relive, free.

Definition: (of an official body) absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing.

Usage: an inquiry exonerated those involved.

279). Meritorious

Meaning: praiseworthy, admirable, estimable, creditable, excellent.

Definition: deserving reward or praise.

Usage: A medal for meritorious conduct.

280). Reproach

Meaning: rebuke, reproof, reproval, admonition, scolding.

Definition: the expression of disapproval or disappointment.

Usage: He gave her a look of reproach.

 

281). Reticence

Meaning: reserve, restraint, inhibition, shyness, modesty.

Definition: the quality of being reticent; reserve.

Usage: The traditional emotional reticence of the British.

282). Ruse

Meaning: Ploy, stratagem, tactic, move, device, scheme, trick

Definition: an action intended to deceive someone; a trick

Usage: Emma tried to think of a M to get Paul out of the house

283). Preempt

Meaning: Foretall, prevent, secure.

Definition: take action in order to prevent (an anticipated event) happening; forestall.

Usage: The government preempted a coup attempt.

284). Rancour

Meaning: bittemess, spite, hate, ill will, vitriol.

Definition: bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long standing.

Usage: He spoke without rancour.

285). Recluse

Meaning: hermit, ascetic.

Definition: a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.

Usage: She has turned into a virtual recluse.

286). Remorse

Meaning: contrition, repentance, gniilt, sorrow, compunction.

Definition: deep regret or guilt for a wrong committed.

Usage: They were filled with remorse and shame.

287). Sensual

Meaning: physical, camal, bodily, animal.

Definition: of or arousing gratification of the senses and physical, especially sexual, pleasure.

Usage: The production of the ballet is sensual and assionate.

288). Undulate

Meaning: rise and fall, surge, wave, billow, roll, swell, ripple.

Definition: move with a smooth wave-like motion.

Usage: Her body undulated to the thumping rhythm of the music.

289). Wary

Meaning: cautious, careful, chary, alert, prudent.

Definition: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.

Usage: Dogs which have been mistreated often remain wary of strangers.

290). Trite

Meaning: hackneyed, banal, vapid, ordinary, predictable.

Definition: (of a remark or idea) lacking originality or freshness; dull on account of overuse.

Usage: This point may now seem obvious and tril.

291). Dilatory

Meaning: Slow, unhurried, tardy, lax, sluggish, idle, indolent.

Definition: slow to act.

Usage: He had been dilatory in appointing a solicitor.

292). Cardinal

Meaning: Fundamental, basic, main, chief, primary, prime, first.

Definition: of the greatest importance; fundamental.

Usage: Two cardinal points must be borne in mind.

293). Braggart

Meaning: Brag, show-off, trumpeter, poser, egotist.

Definition: a person who boasts about their achievements or possessions.

Usage: braggart men.

294). Assuage

Meaning: Relieve, ease, alleviate, smother, lessen, lower

Definition: make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense

Usage: The letter assuaged the fears of most members

295). Penury

Meaning: extreme/dire poverty, pennilessness, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence

Definition: the state of being very poor; extreme poverty.

Usage: He couldn’t face another year of penury.

296). Tenuous

Meaning: Slight, flimsy, weak, fragile, shaky.

Definition: very weak or slight.

Usage: The tenuous link between interest rates and investment.

297). Turbid

Meaning: murky, muddy, thick.

Definition: (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter.

Usage: The turbid estuary.

298). Verbose

Meaning: wordy, garrulous, talkative, voluble, effusive.

Definition: (using or expressed in more words than are needed.

Usage: Much academic language is obscure and verbose.

299). Venerate

Meaning: revere, respect, worship, hallow, deify.

Definition: regard with great respect; revere.

Usage: Philip of Beverley was venerated as a saint.

300). Viscous

Meaning: Sticky, gummy, tacky, sympy.

Definition: having a thick, sticky consistency between solid and liquid; having a high viscosity

Usage: Viscous lava.

 

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