401). Contours

Meaning: outline , shape, form.

Definition: an outline representing or bounding the shape or form of something.

Usage: She traced the contours of his face with her finger.

402). Anarchy

Meaning: rebellion, disorder, misrule, chaos, tumult, nihilism, mobocracy.

Definition: a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systems.

Usage: He must ensure public order in a country threatened with anarchy.

403). Convalesce

Meaning: recuperate, get better, recover, get well.

Definition: recover one’s health and strength over a period of time after an illness or medical treatment.

Usage: He spent eight months convalescing after the stroke.

404). Fragile

Meaning: breakable, brittle, frangible, flimsy, fine.

Definition: (of an object) easily broken or damaged.

Usage: Fragile items such as glass and china.

405). Dissuade

Meaning: discourage, deter, prevent, divert, sidetrack.

Definition: persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action.

Usage: His friends tried to dissuade him from flying.

406). Lurking

Meaning: skulk, loiter, hide, take cover.

Definition: be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something.

Usage: A ruthless killer still lurked in the darkness.

407). Besmirch

Meaning: sully, tamish, blacken, stain, taint, smear, spoil, ruin.

Definition: damage (someone’s reputation).

Usage: He had besmirched the good name of his family.

408). Neophyte

Meaning: beginner, leamer, novice, newcomer, tyro, fledgling.

Definition: a person who is new to a subject or activity.

Usage: Four-day cooking classes are offered to neophytes and experts.

409). Austere

Meaning: severe, stern, strict, formal, stiff, dour, grim, cold.

Definition: severe or strict in manner or attitude.

Usage: He was an austere man, with a rigidly puritanical outlook.

410). Onus

Meaning: burden, responsibility, liability, obligation, duty, weight, load, charge, mantal.

Definition: something that is one‘s duty or responsibility.

Usage: The onus is on you to show that you have suffered loss.

411). Intrigue

Meaning: Interest, be of interest to, fascinate, attract, draw, lure, tempt.

Definition: arouse the curiosity or interest of; fascinate.

Usage: I was intrigued by your question.

412). Nuance

Meaning: shade, gradation, degree, variation.

Definition: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.

Usage: He was familiar with the nuances of the local dialect.


413). Accord

Meaning: give, grant, tender, award, hand, yield.

Definition: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Usage: The powers accorded to the head of state.

414). Titter

Meaning: giggle, snigger, tee-hee.

Definition: give a short, half-suppressed laugh; giggle.

Usage: Her stutter caused the children to Liar.

415). Cabal

Meaning: clique, faction, group, set, band, camp.

Definition: a secret political clique or faction.

Usage: A Lltxal of dissidents.

416). Pious

Meaning: devout, dedicated, reverent, holy, godly, faithful, dutiful, righteous.

Definition: devoutly religious.

Usage: A deeply pious woman.

417). Grotesque

Meaning: Malformed, deformed, distorted, twisted.

Definition: comically or repulsively ugly or distorted.

Usage: A figure wearing a grotesque mask.

418). Entrench

Meaning: establish, settle, ensconce, lodge, set, root, install.

Definition: establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.

Usage: Ageism is entrenched in our society.

419). Obscure

Meaning: unclear, unknown, hidden, doubtful, indetenninate.

Definition: not discovered or known about; uncertain.

Usage: His origins and parentage are obscure.

420). Harangue

Meaning: tirade, lecture, homily, rant, fulmination, broadside

Definition: a lengthy and aggressive speech.

Usage: They were subjected to a ten minute harangue by two border guards.

421). Perennial

Meaning: everlasting, perpetual, eternal, unending, never-ending, abiding, lasting.

Definition: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.

Usage: His perennial distrust of the media.

422). Abnegation

Meaning: rejection, refusal, abandonment, abdication, surrender, disavowal.

Definition: the action of renouncing or rejecting something.

Usage: Abnegation of political power.

423). Mortal

Meaning: deadly, physical, bodily, fleshly, corporal, earthly, fatal, killing.

Definition: (of a living human being, often in contrast to a divine being) subject to death.

Usage: All men are mortal.

424). Somnolent

Meaning: sleepy, drowsy, tired, heavy —eyed, groggy.

Definition: sleepy; drowsy.

Usage: a somnolent summer day.

425). Amicable

Meaning: friendly, cordial, civil, easy, easy-going.

Definition: characterized by friendliness and absence of discord.

Usage: An amicable settlement of the dispute.

426). Befuddled

Meaning: confused, muddled, addled, dizzy, foggy, fuzzy.

Definition: cause to become unable to think clearly.

Usage: even in my befuddled state I could see that they meant trouble.

427). Callow

Meaning: immature, naive, green, untried.

Definition: (of a young person) inexperienced and immature.

Usage: Earnest and callow undergraduates.

428). Foment

Meaning: instigate, incite, provoke, excite, prompt, start, kindle.

Definition: instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action).

Usage: They accused him of fomenting political unrest.

429). Sneer

Meaning: smirk, snicker, snigger.

Definition: a contemptuous or mocking smile, remark, or tone.

Usage: He acknowledged their presence with a condescending sneer.

430). Pariah

Meaning: outcast, leper, reject, untouchable, undesirable.

Definition: an outcast.

Usage: They were treated as social pariahs.

431). Desist

Meaning: abstain, refrain, forbear, hold back, keep.

Definition: stop doing something; cease or abstain.

Usage: Each pledged to desist from acts of sabotage.

432). Inscribe

Meaning: crave, write, etch, cut, score, incise.

Definition: write or carve (words or symbols) on something, especially as a formal or permanent record.

Usage: His name was inscribed on the new silver trophy.

433). Succumb

Meaning: yield, give in, give way, submit, surrender, capitulate, cave in.

Definition: fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

Usage: We cannot merely give up and succumb to despair.

434). Mendacious

Meaning: lying, untruthful, dishonest, false, double- dealing, two-faced, perfidious.

Definition: not telling the truth; lying.

Usage: mendacious propaganda.

435). Querulous

Meaning: petulant, testy, touchy, waspish, prickly, crusty, cross, crabby.

Definition: complaining in a rather petulant or whining manner.

Usage: She became querulous and demanding.


436). Chaos

Meaning: disorder, disarray, confusion, bedlam, furore, babel.

Definition: complete disorder and confusion.

Usage: Snow caused M in the region.

437). Alienated

Meaning: estrange, turn away, isolate, detach, distance.

Definition: make (someone) feel isolated or estranged.

Usage: An urban environment which would alienate its inhabitants.

438). Convalesce

Meaning: recuperate, get better, recover, get well.

Definition: recover one‘s health and strength over a period of time after an illness or medical treatment.

Usage: He spent eight months convalescing after the stroke.

439). Besmirch

Meaning: sully, tamish, blacken, stain, taint, smear, spoil, ruin.

Definition: damage (someone’s reputation).

Usage: He had besmirched the good name of his family.

440). Disgust

Meaning: revulsion, repugnance, aversion, distaste, loathing.

Definition: a feeling of revulsion or strong disapproval aroused by something unpleasant or offensive.

Usage: The sight filled her with disgust.

441). Discrimination

Meaning: prejudice, bias, bigotry, intolerance, partisanship,

Definition: the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds

of race, age, or sex.

Usage: Victims of racial discrimination.

442). Consciousness

Meaning: awareness, alertness, sentience, responsiveness, wwakefulness.

Definition: the state of being aware of and responsive to one‘s surroundings.

Usage: She failed to regain consciousness and died two days later.

443). Exaggerate

Meaning: overstate, overstress, overvalue, overestimate, magnify.

Definition: represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.

Usage: She was apt to exaggerate any aches and pains.

444). Debilitate

Meaning: weakening, enervative, tiring, exhausting, devitalizing, draining..

Definition: make (someone) very weak and infirm.

Usage: He was severely debilitated by a stomach upset.

445). Decree

Meaning: order, edict, command, mandate, precept.

Definition: an official order that has the force of law.

Usage: The decree guaranteed freedom of assembly.

446). Introspection

Meaning: brooding, heart-searching, self-absorption.

Definition: the examination or observation of one’s own mental and emotional processes.

Usage: Quiet introspection can be extremely valuable.

447). Peculiar

Meaning: strange, unusual, odd, funny, curious, weird.

Definition: different to what is normal or expected; strange.

Usage: He gave her some very peculiar looks.

448). Denial

Meaning: contradiction, rebuttal, repudiation.

Definition: the action of denying something.

Usage: She shook her head in denial.

449). Probed

Meaning: examine, feel, prod, poke, check.

Definition: explore or examine (something), especially with the hands or an instrument.

Usage: Hands probed his body from top to bottom.

450). Engulf

Meaning: flood, deluge, immerse, swamp, inundate.

Definition: (of a natural force) sweep over (something) so as to surround or cover it completely.

Usage: The cafe was engulfed in flames.

451). Gallant

Meaning: brave, courageous, valiant, bold, plucky, daring, fearless.

Definition: (of a person or their behaviour) brave; heroic.

Usage: She had made gallant efforts to pull herself together.

452). Hoax

Meaning: practical, joke, joke, jest, prank, trick, jape.

Definition: a humorous or malicious deception.

Usage: The evidence had been planted as part of an elaborate ll.

453). Haggle

Meaning: barter, bargain, negotiate, quibble, wrangle.

Definition: dispute or bargain persistently, especially over the cost of something.

Usage: The two sides are haggling over television rights.

454). Glut

Meaning: appoint, induct, install, invest, anoint, consecrate.

Definition: An excessively abundant supply of something.

Usage: there is a glut of cars on the market.

455). Firmament

Meaning: the sky, heaven, the blue.

Definition: the heavens or sky.

Usage: Thunder shakes the firmament.

456). Intrusive

Meaning: intruding, invasive, obtrusive, interrupting, trespassing, unwanted.

Definition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.

Usage: That was an intrusive question.

457). Temporize

Meaning: equivocate, stall, delay, prevaricate, hesitate.

Definition: avoid making a decision or committing oneself in order to gain time.

Usage: The opportunity was missed because the queen still temporized.

458). Lampoon

Meaning: saririze, mock, ridicule, rag, tease.

Definition: publicly criticize (someone or something) by using ridicule, irony, or sarcasm.

Usage: The actor was lampooned by the press.

459). Grapple

Meaning: wrestle, struggle, tussle.

Definition: engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle.

Usage: passers-by grappled with the man after the knife attack.

460). Dawdle

Meaning: linger, dally, idle, waste time.

Definition: waste time; be slow.

Usage: she mustn‘t dawdle—she had to make the call now.

461). Rampage

Meaning: riot, tear, run amok, storm, charge.

Definition: (especially of a large group of people) move through a place in a violent and uncontrollable manner.

Usage: Several thousand demonstrators rampaged through the city.

462). Hostility

Meaning: antagonism, bitterness, malevolence, malice, rancor, venom, anger, hatred.

Definition: hostile behaviour; unfriendliness or opposition.

Usage: Their hostility to all outsiders.

463). Vacillate

Meaning: dither, teeter, temporize, hesitate, fluctuate.

Definition: waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive.

Usage: I vacillated between teaching and joumalism.

464). Ordained

Meaning: appoint, induct, install, invest, anoint, consecrate.

Definition: make (someone) a priest or minister; confer holy orders on.

Usage: He was ordained a minister before entering Parliament.

465). Provision

Meaning: supply, delivery, furnishing, allocation, distribution, presentation

Definition: The action of providing or supplying something for use.

Usage: New contracts for the provision of services.

466). Stipulation

Meaning: condition, precondition, provision, prerequisite, specification

Definition: a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement

Usage: They donated their collection of prints with the stipulation that they never be publicly exhibited.

467). Mausoleum

Meaning: tomb, sepulcher, crypt, vault, catacomb.

Definition: a stately or impressive building housing a tomb or group of tombs.

Usage: The cathedral was built in 1517 as a royal mausoleum.

468). Entrench

Meaning: establish, settle, lodge, set, root, install, plant, embed, anchor, seat.

Definition: establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.

Usage: Ageism is entrenched in our society.

469). Deception

Meaning: deceit, duplicity, fraud, guile, pretence, artifice.

Definition: the action of deceiving someone.

Usage: Obtaining property by deception.

470). Astounding

Meaning: amazing, astonishing, shocking, surprising, stunning

Definition: surprisingly impressive or notable.

Usage: The summit offers astounding views.

471). Trepidation

Meaning: fear, apprehension, dread, agitation, dismay , alann.

Definition: a feeling of fear or anxiety about something that may happen.

Usage: The men set off in fear and trepidation.

472). Certainty

Meaning: Confidence, certitude, fact, truth, validity.

Definition: firm conviction that something is the case.

Usage: She knew with absolute certainty that they were dead.

473). Scandalising

Meaning: shock, appal, outrage, revolt, repel, sicken.

Definition: shock or horrify (someone) by a real or imagined violation of propriety or morality.

Usage: Their lack of manners scandalized their hosts.

474). Stringent

Meaning: Strict, firm, rigid, severe, harsh, tight, exacting, demanding, stiff.

Definition: (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.

Usage: stringent guidelines on air pollution.


475). Strained

Meaning: austere, abstinent, Spartan, monastic, simple.

Definition: characterized by severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for

religious reasons.

Usage: an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labour.

476). Entrench

Meaning: establish, settle, ensconce, lodge, set, root, install, plant.

Definition: establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.

Usage: Ageism is entrenched in our society.

477). Impair

Meaning: damage, harm, diminish, reduce, weaken, lessen, blunt, impede, disable.

Definition: weaken or damage (something, especially a faculty or function).

Usage: a noisy job could permanently imupair their hearing.

478). Astounding

Meaning: amazing, astonishing, shocking, surprising, striking.

Definition: surprisingly impressive or notable.

Usage: The summit offers astounding views.

479). Contemplate

Meaning: look at, view, regard, examine, inspect,  observe, survey, study.

Definition: look thoughtfully for a long time at.

Usage: He contemplated his image in the mirrors.

480). Stupefy

Meaning: stun, daze, knock out, benumb, numb.

Definition: make (someone) unable to think or feel properly.

Usage: The offence of administering drugs to a woman with intent to stupefy her.

481). Erratic

Meaning: unpredictable, variable, inconstant, uncertain, unstable.

Definition: not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.

Usage: Her breathing was erratic.

482). Prominent

Meaning: important, well known, leading, eminent, pre-eminent, noted, public, foremost, famed, big, top,

great, chief, main.

Definition: important; famous.

Usage: She was a prominent member of the city council.

483). Instincts

Meaning: inclination, drive, compulsion, need.

Definition: a natural or intuitive way of acting or thinking.

Usage: They retain their old authoritarian instincts.

484). Prerequisites

Meaning: precondition, condition, essential,  requirement, imperative, basic.

Definition: a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist.

Usage: sponsorship is not a prerequisite for any of our courses.

485). Strained

Meaning: drawn, careworn, wom, pinched, tried, weary

Definition: truthful and straightforward; frank

Usage: J ean‘s pale, strained face

486). Spout

Meaning: nozzle, lip, rose

Definition: a tube or lip projecting from a container, through which liquid can be poured.

Usage: A teapot with a chipped spoit

487). Disown

Meaning: reject, cast off, cast aside, abandon, repudiate, renounce, deny.

Definition: refuse to acknowledge or maintain any connection With.

Usage: Lovell’s rich family had disowned him because of his marriage.

488). Speculation

Meaning: conjecture, supposition, guesswork.

Definition: the forming of a theory or conjecture Without firm evidence.

Usage: There has been widespread speculation that he plans to quit.

489). Fragile

Meaning: breakable, brittle, frangible, flimsy, delicate, fine.

Definition: (of an object) easily broken or damaged.

Usage: Fragile items such as glass and china.

490). Articulate

Meaning: fluent, eloquent, effective, persuasive, lucid, vocal.

Definition: having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently

Usage: She was not very articulate.

491). Legitimate

Meaning: legal, lawful, authorized, permitted, permissible, allowable.

Definition: confonning to the law or to rules.

Usage: His claims to legitimate authority.

492). Snazzy

Meaning: stylish, smart, attractive, lovely, gorgeous, stunning.

Definition: stylish and attractive.

Usage: snazzy little silk dresses.

493). Sophisticated

Meaning: Undemeath, below, further down, lower down.

Definition: having, revealing, or involving a great deal of worldly experience and knowledge of fashion and


Usage: a chic, sophisticated Woman.

494). Arbitrations

Meaning: adjudication, meditation, negotiation, intervention, interposition.

Definition: The use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.

Usage: Tayside Regional Council called for arbitration to settle the dispute.

495). Candid

Meaning: frank, outspoken, forthright, open, honest, truthful, direct, bluff.

Definition: truthfiil and straightforward; frank.

Usage: His responses were remarkably candid.

496). Bicker

Meaning: Squabble, argue.

Definition: argue about petty and trivial matters.

Usage: couples who bicker over who gets what from the divorce.

497). Fluctuate

Meaning: vary, differ, shift, change, alter, waver, swing, altemate.

Definition: rise and fall irregularly in number or amount.

Usage: Trade with other countries tends to fluctuate from year to year.

498). Cogent

Meaning: convincing, compelling, strong, forceful, powerful, potent, weighty.

Definition: (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing.

Usage: They put forward cogent arguments for British membership.

499). Narrative

Meaning: account, story, tale, history, description, record, portrayal, report, rehearsal, recital.

Definition: a spoken or written account of connected events; a story.

Usage: A gripping narrative.

500). Plagues

Meaning: afflict, bedevil, torture, torment, trouble, beset, dog.

Definition: cause continual trouble or distress to.

Usage: He has been plagued by ill health.

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