THE HINDU VOCABULARY

501). Proclaim

Meaning: Indicate, show, signify, reveal, manifest, betray, demonstrate.

Definition: his high, intelligent forehead proclaimed a strength of mind that was almost tangible.

Usage: indicate clearly.

502). Debtor

Meaning: borrower, mortgagor,

Definition: a person, country, or organization that owes money.

Usage: Generally, debtors rnust negotiate with each creditor separately

503). Hypocrisy

Meaning: cant, humbug, pretence, posturing, empty talk, pietism.

Definition: the practice of claiming to have higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case.

Usage: his target was the hypocrisy of suburban life.

504). Influx

Meaning: inundation, innish, rush, stream, flood, ingress.

Definition: an arrival or entry of large numbers of people or things.

Usage: A massive influx of tourists.

505). Imperative

Meaning: vital, crucial, critical, essential, exigent, pressing, urgent.

Definition: of vital importance; crucial.

Usage: immediate action was imperative.

506). Compensate

Meaning: Recompense, repay, pay back, recoup, requite.

Definition: give (someone) something, typically money, in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury

incurred; recompense.

Usage: Payments were made to farmers to compensate them for cuts in subsidies.

507). Diligence

Meaning: assiduity, rigour, heedfulness, carefulness, studiousness.

Definition: careful and persistent work or effort.

Usage: Few party members challenge his diligence as an MP.

508). Obsolete

Meaning: Out of date, outdated, outmoded, old- fashioned.

Definition: no longer produced or used; out of date.

Usage: The disposal of old and obsolete machinery.

509). Integrate

Meaning: combine, amalgamate, mix, intermix, join, fuse, blend.

Definition: combine (one thing) with another to form a whole.

Usage: Transport planning should be integrated with energy policy.

510). Alleviate

Meaning: Reduce, ease, relive, dull, lessen, quiet, blunt, moderate.

Definition: make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.

Usage: He couldn‘t prevent her pain, only alleviate it.

511). Affirm

Meaning: Declare, state, aver, proclaim, pronounce, attest, swear, avow, vow, guarantee, promise, certify.

Definition: state emphatically or publicly.

Usage: He affirmed the country’s commitment to peace.

512). Travesty

Meaning: misrepresentation, distortion, corruption, poor imitation, parody

Definition: a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.

Usage: The absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of JUSUCC.

513). Reparation

Meaning: amends, restitution, redress, compensation, repayment, atonement.

Definition: the action of making amends for a wrong one has done, by providing payment or other assistance

to those who have been wronged.

Usage: The courts required a convicted offender to make financial reparation to his victim.

514). Dissent

Meaning: disagreement, argument, dispute, demur.

Definition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

Usage: There was no dissent from this view.

515). Oppress

Meaning: persecute, abuse, maltreat, ill-treat, suppress, repress, subject.

Definition: keep (someone) in subjection and hardship, especially by the unjust exercise of authority.

Usage: A system which oppressed working people.

516). Cacophonous

Meaning: loud, noisy, ear-splitting, blaring, booming, deafening.

Definition: involving or producing a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds.

Usage: The cacophonous sound of slot machines.

517). Glimpse

Meaning: brief look, quick look.

Definition: a momentary or partial view.

Usage: She caught a glimpse of the ocean.

518). Integrity

Meaning: honest, probity, rectitude, honour, ethics, sincerity, truthfulness, virtue, decency

Definition: the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

Usage: A gentleman of complete integrity.

519). Intolerance

Meaning: bigotry, dogmatism, illiberality, parochialism, insularity

Definition: unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behaviour that differ from one’s own.

Usage: A struggle against religious intolerance.

520). Elusive

Meaning: Difficult to catch/find, difficult to track down.

Definition: difficult to find, catch, or achieve.

Usage: Success will become ever more elusive.

521). Deem

Meaning: regard as, consider, judge, adjudge, rate, fin, count, esteem, reckon, account.

Definition: regard or consider in a specified way.

Usage: The event was deemed a great success.

522). Taboo

Meaning: Prohibition, proscription, veto, ban, restriction.

Definition: a social or religious custom prohibiting or restricting a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing.

Usage: many taboos have developed around physical exposure.

523). Harmonize

Meaning: Coordinate, match, blend, mix, balance.

Definition: produce a pleasing visual combination.

Usage: Steeply pitched roofs which harmonize with the form of the main roof.

524). Prolong

Meaning: Lengthen, make longer, extend, elongate.

Definition: extend the duration of.

Usage: An idea which prolonged the life of the engine by many years.

525). Hatch

Meaning: devise, conceive, concoct, brew, invent, plan, design, formulate.

Definition: conspire to devise (a plot or plan).

Usage: The little plot that you and Sylvia hatched up last night.

526). Pioneer

Meaning: Settler, colonist, explorer, trailblazer.

Definition: a person who is among the first to explore or settle a new country or area.

Usage: The pioneers of the Wild West.

527). Prone

Meaning: Susceptible, vulnerable, liable, given, disposed.

Definition: likely or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something unpleasant or regrettable.

Usage: Fanrred fish are 1% to disease.

528). Implications

Meaning: Suggestions, inference, innuendo, hint, intimation.

Definition: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Usage: The implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible.

529). Utopian

Meaning: unworldly, non-material, immaterial.

Definition: modelled on or aiming for a state in which everything is perfect; idealistic.

Usage: It is based on a utopian ideology.

530). Spur

Meaning: stimulus, incentive, encouragement, stimulant, inducement, prompt.

Definition: a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.

Usage: Wars act as a M to practical invention.

531). Legitimate

Meaning: legal, lawful, licit, authorized, valid, upright, allowable.

Definition: confonning to the law or to rules.

Usage: His claims to legitimate authority.

532). Fiction

Meaning: Novels, stories, narration, story telling.

Definition: literature in the fonn of prose, especially novels, that describes imaginary events and people.

Usage: they were supposed to be keeping up the fiction that they were happily married.

533). Abide

Meaning: obey, observe, follow, keep to, conform to, accept, accede to.

Definition: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Usage: I said I would M by their decision.

534). Espionage

Meaning: Spying, undercover work, intelligence, cyber-espionage, counter-espionage.

Definition: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.

Usage: The camouflage and secrecy of espionage.

535). Manslaughter

Meaning: Killing, murder, slaying.

Definition: the crime ofkilling a human being Without malice aforethought, or in circumstances not amounting

to murder.

Usage: The defendant was convicted of manslaughter.

536). Bankrupt

Meaning: insolvent, without, bare of, denuded of.

Definition: (of a person or organization) declared in law as unable to pay their debts.

Usage: His father went bankrupt and the family had to sell their home.

537). Prevalent

Meaning: widespread, frequent, usual, common, general, universal.

Definition: widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.

Usage: The social ills prevalent in society today.

538). Eradicating

Meaning: eliminate, do away with, remove, suppress.

Definition: destroy completely; put an end to.

Usage: This disease has been eradicated from the world.

539). Stern

Meaning: serious, unsmiling, stony, flinty, steely, disapproving, sober.

Definition: (of a person or their manner) serious and unrelenting, especially in the assertion of authority and

exercise of discipline.

Usage: A smile transformed his stern face.

540). Guts

Meaning: instinctive, intuitive, impulsive, natural, basic, emotional.

Definition: used in reference to a feeling or reaction based on an instinctive emotional response rather than

considered thought.

Usage: I had a gut feeling that something was wrong.

541). Blatant

Meaning: Flagrant, glaring, obvious, undisguised, overt, open, manifest.

Definition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.

Usage: Blatant lies.

542). Exorbitant

Meaning: extortionate, excessive, sky-high, inordinate, huge, enonnous.

Definition: (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.

Usage: Some hotels charge exorbitant rates for phone calls.

543). Frivolous

Meaning: flippant, glib, waggish,joking, jokey, non- serious.

Definition: not having any serious purpose or value.

Usage: Frivolous ribbons and lacy frills.

544). Unprecedented

Meaning: unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched, unrivalled, without equal.

Definition: never done or known before.

Usage: The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.

545). Dread

Meaning: fear, be afraid of, worry about.

Definition: anticipate with great apprehension or fear.

Usage: Jane was dreading the party.

546). Disparate

Meaning: contrasting, different, differing, unlike, dissimilar.

Definition: essentially different in kind; not able to be compared.

Usage: They inhabit disparate worlds of thought.

547). Accentuate

Meaning: point up, heighten, stress, spotlight, foreground, frature.

Definition: make more noticeable or prominent.

Usage: His jacket unfortunately accentuated his paunch.

548). Exacerbate

Meaning: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame.

Definition: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

Usage: Rising inflation was exacerbated by the collapse of oil prices.

549). Credence

Meaning: acceptance, belief, faith, trust, confidence, reliance, traction.

Definition: belief in or acceptance of something as true.

Usage: Psychoanalysis finds little credence among laymen.

550). Suffice

Meaning: be enough, be sufficient, do, serve.

Definition: be enough or adequate.

Usage: A quick look should suffice.

551). Intrusive

Meaning: obtrusive, unwanted, inten”upting, unwelcome.

Definition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.

Usage: That was an intrusive question.

552). Hesitation

Meaning: pausing, delay, waiting.

Definition: the action of pausing before saying or doing something.

Usage: She answered without hesitation.

553). Consequence

Meaning: result, upshot, outcome.

Definition: a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.

Usage: Inflation is a consequence ofa rapid growth in the money supply.

554). Envisage

Meaning: predict, forecast, foretell, expect.

Definition: contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

Usage: The Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers.

555). Conventional

Meaning: normal, standard, regular, ordinary.

Definition: based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.

Usage: A conventional morality had dictated behaviour.

556). Rupture

Meaning: break, fracture, crack.

Debfinition: (especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst

suddenly.

Usage: If the main artery ruptures he could die.

557). Bumpy

Meaning: uneven, rough, irregular.

Definition: (of a surface) uneven, with many patches raised above the rest.

Usage: The car jolted on the bumpy road.

558). Emanate

Meaning: emerge, flow, pour.

Definition: (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).

Usage: Policy statements which emanate from govemment departments.

559). Consent

Meaning: agreement, assent, accord.

Definition: pennission for something to happen or agreement to do something.

Usage: No change may be made without the consent of all the partners.

560). Ostensible

Meaning: apparent, seeming, outward, surface.

Definition: stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

Usage: The real dispute which lay behind the ostensible complaint.

561). Bolster

Meaning: Pillow, cushion, pad, support.

Definition: a long, thick pillow that is placed under other pillows for support.

Usage: Most of them were sitting on the floor which was strewn with cushions, bolsters, and rugs.

562). Hover

Meaning: be suspended, be poised, hang, float

Definition: remain in one place in the air.

Usage: Army helicopters hovered overhead.

563). Embark

Meaning: board ship, go on board.

Definition: go on board a ship or aircraft.

Usage: He embarked for India in 1817.

564). Recession

Meaning: economic decline, downturn, depression.

Definition: a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced. generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

Usage: the country is in the depths of a recession.

565). Metaphor

Meaning: figure of speech, image, trope, figurative expression.

Definition: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not

literally applicable.

Usage: When we speak of gene maps and gene mapping, we use a cartographic metaphor.

566). Pacifism

Meaning: peacemaking, conscientious objection(s), passive resistance, love of peace.

Definition: the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all disputes should be settled by

peaceful means.

Usage: there remains a powerful undercurrent of pacifism.

567). Nuance

Meaning: fine distinction, shade, shading, gradation, variation.

Definition: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.

Usage: He was familiar with the nuances of the local dialect.

568). Unrelenting

Meaning: implacable, inflexible, uncompromising, unyielding.

Definition: not yielding in strength, severity, or determination.

Usage: He was an unrelenting opponent of the Jacobite cause.

569). Camouflage

Meaning: disguise, hide, conceal, mask, screen.

Definition: hide or disguise the presence of (a person, animal, or object) by means of camouflage.

Usage: The caravan was camouflaged with netting and branches from trees.

570). Surmise

Meaning: guess, conjecture, suspect, deduce, infer.

Definition: suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.

Usage: He surmised that something must be wrong.

571). Troupe

Meaning: group, company, band, ensemble, set, cast.

Definition: a group of dancers, actors, or other entertainers who tour to different venues.

Usage: A dance troupe.

572). Avaricious

Meaning: grasping, acquisitive, covetous, greedy, rapacious, mercenary.

Definition: having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain.

Usage: An avaricious, manipulative woman.

573). Disconcert

Meaning: unsettle, nonplus, discomfit, confuse, perplex, ruffle, shake, worry.

Definition: disturb the composure of; unsettle.

Usage: The abrupt change of subject disconceited her.

574). Harangue

Meaning: tirade, lecture, diatribe, homily, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, invective.

Definition: a lengthy and aggressive speech.

Usage: They were subjected to a ten-minute harangue by two border guards.

575). Unsceupulous

Meaning: unprincipled, immoral, amoral, dishonest, cunning, furtive, sly, bad, evil, wicked.

Definition: having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.

Usage: Unscrupulous landlords might be tempted to harass existing tenants.

576). Preachy

Meaning: moralistic, didactic, dogmatic.

Definition: having or showing a tendency to give moral advice in a tedious or self-righteous way.

Usage: His patriotic pictures had a preachy tone.

577). Unabashed

Meaning: unashamed, shameless, brazen, confident, immodest, unshrinking, fearless.

Definition: not embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed.

Usage: He was unabashed by the furore his words provoked.

578). Melodramatic

Meaning: histrionic, extravagant, overdone, overripe, overemotional, sentimental.

Definition: characteristic of melodrama, especially in being exaggerated or overemotional.

Usage: He flung the door open with a melodramatic flourish.

579). Mimic

Meaning: imitate, copy, mock, parody, lampoon, caricature.

Definition: imitate (someone or their actions or words), especially in order to entertain or ridicule.

Usage: He mimicked Super Star Raj ini voice.

580). Protagonist

Meaning: supporter, adherent, backer, proponent, advocate, promoter, exponent, prime mover.

Definition: an advocate or champion of a particular cause or idea.

Usage: He‘s a strenuous protagonist of the new agricultural policy.

581). Jargon

Meaning: Slang, cant, idiom, argot, patter.

Definition: special words or expressions used by a profession or group that are difficult for others to understand.

Usage: legal jargon.

582). Evocative

Meaning: Reminiscent, suggestive, redolent.

Definition: bringing strong images, memories, or feelings to mind

Usage: Powerfully evocative lyrics.

583). Beneath

Meaning: Undemeath, below, further down, lower down.

Definition: extending or directly underneath something.

Usage: A house built on stilts to allow air to circulate beneath.

584). Sheer

Meaning: utter, complete, absolute, total, pure, perfect, patent.

Definition: nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis).

Usage: she giggled with sheer delight.

585). Plague

Meaning: afflict, bedevil, torment, trouble, beset, dog, curse.

Definition: cause continual trouble or distress to.

Usage: He has been plagued by ill health.

586). Archive

Meaning: file, log, catalogue, pigeonhole.

Definition: place or store (something) in an archive.

Usage: The entire directory will be archived.

587). Liberate

Meaning: set free, free, release, let out, let go, discharge, deliver.

Definition: set (someone) free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression.

Usage: The serfs had been liberated.

588). Retreat

Meaning: withdraw, retire, draw back, pull back, pull out, fall back, give way.

Definition: (of an army) withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat.

Usage: The French retreated in disarray.

 

589). Combat

Meaning: battle, fighting, action, conflict, war, warfare.

Definition: fighting between anned forces.

Usage: Five Hurricanes were shot down in combat.

590). Retract

Meaning: Pull in, draw in, pull back, sheathe, put away.

Definition: draw or be drawn back or back in.

Usage: She retracted her hand as if she’d been bum.

591). ENDURANCE

Meaning: tolerance, bearing, sufferance

Definition: the ability to endure an unpleasant or difficult process or situation without giving way.

Usage: She was close to the limit of her endurance.

592). ANXIETY

Meaning: worry, concern, apprehension.

Definition: a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.

Usage: His anxiety grew as his messages were all left unanswered.

593). SECRETIVE

Meaning: uncommunicative, secret, silent.

Definition: (of a person or an organization) inclined to conceal feelings and intentions or not to disclose

information.

Usage: She was very secretive about her past.

594). INTRUSIVE

Meaning: invasive, obtrusive, unwanted

Definition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.

Usage: That was an intrusive question.

595). IMPRESARIO

Meaning: organizer, manager, producer.

Definition: a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, or operas.

Usage: A theatrical impresario.

596). BLATANT

Meaning: flagrant, glaring, obvious, undisguised.

Definition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.

Usage: A blatant lie.

597). SACROSANCT

Meaning: sacred, respected, inviolate.

Definition: (especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered

with.

Usage: The individual‘s right to work has been upheld as sacrosanct.

598). PERCOLATE

Meaning: filter, drain, drip.

Definition: (of a liquid or gas) filter gradually through a porous surface or substance.

Usage: The water percolating through the soil may leach out minerals.

599). ENVIRON

Meaning: surround, encircle, enclose, ring, envelop.

Definition: surround; enclose.

Usage: The stone circle was environed by an expanse of peat soil.

600). USHER

Meaning: escort, accompany, help, assist.

Definition: show or guide (someone) somewhere.

Usage: He ushered him to a window seat.

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