Meaning: Indicate, show, signify, reveal, manifest, betray, demonstrate.
Deﬁnition: his high, intelligent forehead proclaimed a strength of mind that was almost tangible.
Usage: indicate clearly.
Meaning: borrower, mortgagor,
Deﬁnition: a person, country, or organization that owes money.
Usage: Generally, debtors rnust negotiate with each creditor separately
Meaning: cant, humbug, pretence, posturing, empty talk, pietism.
Deﬁnition: the practice of claiming to have higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case.
Usage: his target was the hypocrisy of suburban life.
Meaning: inundation, innish, rush, stream, ﬂood, ingress.
Deﬁnition: an arrival or entry of large numbers of people or things.
Usage: A massive inﬂux of tourists.
Meaning: vital, crucial, critical, essential, exigent, pressing, urgent.
Deﬁnition: of vital importance; crucial.
Usage: immediate action was imperative.
Meaning: Recompense, repay, pay back, recoup, requite.
Deﬁnition: give (someone) something, typically money, in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury
Usage: Payments were made to farmers to compensate them for cuts in subsidies.
Meaning: assiduity, rigour, heedfulness, carefulness, studiousness.
Deﬁnition: careful and persistent work or effort.
Usage: Few party members challenge his diligence as an MP.
Meaning: Out of date, outdated, outmoded, old- fashioned.
Deﬁnition: no longer produced or used; out of date.
Usage: The disposal of old and obsolete machinery.
Meaning: combine, amalgamate, mix, intermix, join, fuse, blend.
Deﬁnition: combine (one thing) with another to form a whole.
Usage: Transport planning should be integrated with energy policy.
Meaning: Reduce, ease, relive, dull, lessen, quiet, blunt, moderate.
Deﬁnition: make (suffering, deﬁciency, or a problem) less severe.
Usage: He couldn‘t prevent her pain, only alleviate it.
Meaning: Declare, state, aver, proclaim, pronounce, attest, swear, avow, vow, guarantee, promise, certify.
Deﬁnition: state emphatically or publicly.
Usage: He afﬁrmed the country’s commitment to peace.
Meaning: misrepresentation, distortion, corruption, poor imitation, parody
Deﬁnition: a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Usage: The absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of JUSUCC.
Meaning: amends, restitution, redress, compensation, repayment, atonement.
Deﬁnition: the action of making amends for a wrong one has done, by providing payment or other assistance
to those who have been wronged.
Usage: The courts required a convicted offender to make ﬁnancial reparation to his victim.
Meaning: disagreement, argument, dispute, demur.
Deﬁnition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Usage: There was no dissent from this view.
Meaning: persecute, abuse, maltreat, ill-treat, suppress, repress, subject.
Deﬁnition: keep (someone) in subjection and hardship, especially by the unjust exercise of authority.
Usage: A system which oppressed working people.
Meaning: loud, noisy, ear-splitting, blaring, booming, deafening.
Deﬁnition: involving or producing a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds.
Usage: The cacophonous sound of slot machines.
Meaning: brief look, quick look.
Deﬁnition: a momentary or partial view.
Usage: She caught a glimpse of the ocean.
Meaning: honest, probity, rectitude, honour, ethics, sincerity, truthfulness, virtue, decency
Deﬁnition: the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.
Usage: A gentleman of complete integrity.
Meaning: bigotry, dogmatism, illiberality, parochialism, insularity
Deﬁnition: unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behaviour that differ from one’s own.
Usage: A struggle against religious intolerance.
Meaning: Difﬁcult to catch/ﬁnd, difficult to track down.
Deﬁnition: difﬁcult to ﬁnd, catch, or achieve.
Usage: Success will become ever more elusive.
Meaning: regard as, consider, judge, adjudge, rate, ﬁn, count, esteem, reckon, account.
Deﬁnition: regard or consider in a speciﬁed way.
Usage: The event was deemed a great success.
Meaning: Prohibition, proscription, veto, ban, restriction.
Deﬁnition: a social or religious custom prohibiting or restricting a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing.
Usage: many taboos have developed around physical exposure.
Meaning: Coordinate, match, blend, mix, balance.
Deﬁnition: produce a pleasing visual combination.
Usage: Steeply pitched roofs which harmonize with the form of the main roof.
Meaning: Lengthen, make longer, extend, elongate.
Deﬁnition: extend the duration of.
Usage: An idea which prolonged the life of the engine by many years.
Meaning: devise, conceive, concoct, brew, invent, plan, design, formulate.
Deﬁnition: conspire to devise (a plot or plan).
Usage: The little plot that you and Sylvia hatched up last night.
Meaning: Settler, colonist, explorer, trailblazer.
Deﬁnition: a person who is among the ﬁrst to explore or settle a new country or area.
Usage: The pioneers of the Wild West.
Meaning: Susceptible, vulnerable, liable, given, disposed.
Deﬁnition: likely or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something unpleasant or regrettable.
Usage: Fanrred ﬁsh are 1% to disease.
Meaning: Suggestions, inference, innuendo, hint, intimation.
Deﬁnition: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
Usage: The implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible.
Meaning: unworldly, non-material, immaterial.
Deﬁnition: modelled on or aiming for a state in which everything is perfect; idealistic.
Usage: It is based on a utopian ideology.
Meaning: stimulus, incentive, encouragement, stimulant, inducement, prompt.
Deﬁnition: a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.
Usage: Wars act as a M to practical invention.
Meaning: legal, lawful, licit, authorized, valid, upright, allowable.
Deﬁnition: confonning to the law or to rules.
Usage: His claims to legitimate authority.
Meaning: Novels, stories, narration, story telling.
Deﬁnition: literature in the fonn of prose, especially novels, that describes imaginary events and people.
Usage: they were supposed to be keeping up the ﬁction that they were happily married.
Meaning: obey, observe, follow, keep to, conform to, accept, accede to.
Deﬁnition: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).
Usage: I said I would M by their decision.
Meaning: Spying, undercover work, intelligence, cyber-espionage, counter-espionage.
Deﬁnition: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
Usage: The camouﬂage and secrecy of espionage.
Meaning: Killing, murder, slaying.
Definition: the crime ofkilling a human being Without malice aforethought, or in circumstances not amounting
Usage: The defendant was convicted of manslaughter.
Meaning: insolvent, without, bare of, denuded of.
Deﬁnition: (of a person or organization) declared in law as unable to pay their debts.
Usage: His father went bankrupt and the family had to sell their home.
Meaning: widespread, frequent, usual, common, general, universal.
Deﬁnition: widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.
Usage: The social ills prevalent in society today.
Meaning: eliminate, do away with, remove, suppress.
Deﬁnition: destroy completely; put an end to.
Usage: This disease has been eradicated from the world.
Meaning: serious, unsmiling, stony, ﬂinty, steely, disapproving, sober.
Deﬁnition: (of a person or their manner) serious and unrelenting, especially in the assertion of authority and
exercise of discipline.
Usage: A smile transformed his stern face.
Meaning: instinctive, intuitive, impulsive, natural, basic, emotional.
Definition: used in reference to a feeling or reaction based on an instinctive emotional response rather than
Usage: I had a gut feeling that something was wrong.
Meaning: Flagrant, glaring, obvious, undisguised, overt, open, manifest.
Definition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.
Usage: Blatant lies.
Meaning: extortionate, excessive, sky-high, inordinate, huge, enonnous.
Deﬁnition: (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.
Usage: Some hotels charge exorbitant rates for phone calls.
Meaning: ﬂippant, glib, waggish,joking, jokey, non- serious.
Deﬁnition: not having any serious purpose or value.
Usage: Frivolous ribbons and lacy frills.
Meaning: unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched, unrivalled, without equal.
Definition: never done or known before.
Usage: The government took the unprecedented step of releasing conﬁdential correspondence.
Meaning: fear, be afraid of, worry about.
Definition: anticipate with great apprehension or fear.
Usage: Jane was dreading the party.
Meaning: contrasting, different, differing, unlike, dissimilar.
Deﬁnition: essentially different in kind; not able to be compared.
Usage: They inhabit disparate worlds of thought.
Meaning: point up, heighten, stress, spotlight, foreground, frature.
Deﬁnition: make more noticeable or prominent.
Usage: His jacket unfortunately accentuated his paunch.
Meaning: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inﬂame.
Deﬁnition: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Usage: Rising inﬂation was exacerbated by the collapse of oil prices.
Meaning: acceptance, belief, faith, trust, conﬁdence, reliance, traction.
Deﬁnition: belief in or acceptance of something as true.
Usage: Psychoanalysis ﬁnds little credence among laymen.
Meaning: be enough, be sufficient, do, serve.
Deﬁnition: be enough or adequate.
Usage: A quick look should sufﬁce.
Meaning: obtrusive, unwanted, inten”upting, unwelcome.
Deﬁnition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.
Usage: That was an intrusive question.
Meaning: pausing, delay, waiting.
Deﬁnition: the action of pausing before saying or doing something.
Usage: She answered without hesitation.
Meaning: result, upshot, outcome.
Deﬁnition: a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Usage: Inﬂation is a consequence ofa rapid growth in the money supply.
Meaning: predict, forecast, foretell, expect.
Deﬁnition: contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Usage: The Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers.
Meaning: normal, standard, regular, ordinary.
Deﬁnition: based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.
Usage: A conventional morality had dictated behaviour.
Meaning: break, fracture, crack.
Debﬁnition: (especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst
Usage: If the main artery ruptures he could die.
Meaning: uneven, rough, irregular.
Deﬁnition: (of a surface) uneven, with many patches raised above the rest.
Usage: The car jolted on the bumpy road.
Meaning: emerge, ﬂow, pour.
Deﬁnition: (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).
Usage: Policy statements which emanate from govemment departments.
Meaning: agreement, assent, accord.
Deﬁnition: pennission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
Usage: No change may be made without the consent of all the partners.
Meaning: apparent, seeming, outward, surface.
Deﬁnition: stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.
Usage: The real dispute which lay behind the ostensible complaint.
Meaning: Pillow, cushion, pad, support.
Deﬁnition: a long, thick pillow that is placed under other pillows for support.
Usage: Most of them were sitting on the ﬂoor which was strewn with cushions, bolsters, and rugs.
Meaning: be suspended, be poised, hang, ﬂoat
Deﬁnition: remain in one place in the air.
Usage: Army helicopters hovered overhead.
Meaning: board ship, go on board.
Deﬁnition: go on board a ship or aircraft.
Usage: He embarked for India in 1817.
Meaning: economic decline, downturn, depression.
Deﬁnition: a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced. generally identiﬁed by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.
Usage: the country is in the depths of a recession.
Meaning: ﬁgure of speech, image, trope, ﬁgurative expression.
Deﬁnition: a ﬁgure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not
Usage: When we speak of gene maps and gene mapping, we use a cartographic metaphor.
Meaning: peacemaking, conscientious objection(s), passive resistance, love of peace.
Deﬁnition: the belief that war and violence are unjustiﬁable and that all disputes should be settled by
Usage: there remains a powerful undercurrent of paciﬁsm.
Meaning: ﬁne distinction, shade, shading, gradation, variation.
Deﬁnition: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
Usage: He was familiar with the nuances of the local dialect.
Meaning: implacable, inﬂexible, uncompromising, unyielding.
Deﬁnition: not yielding in strength, severity, or determination.
Usage: He was an unrelenting opponent of the Jacobite cause.
Meaning: disguise, hide, conceal, mask, screen.
Deﬁnition: hide or disguise the presence of (a person, animal, or object) by means of camouﬂage.
Usage: The caravan was camouﬂaged with netting and branches from trees.
Meaning: guess, conjecture, suspect, deduce, infer.
Deﬁnition: suppose that something is true without having evidence to conﬁrm it.
Usage: He surmised that something must be wrong.
Meaning: group, company, band, ensemble, set, cast.
Deﬁnition: a group of dancers, actors, or other entertainers who tour to different venues.
Usage: A dance troupe.
Meaning: grasping, acquisitive, covetous, greedy, rapacious, mercenary.
Deﬁnition: having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain.
Usage: An avaricious, manipulative woman.
Meaning: unsettle, nonplus, discomﬁt, confuse, perplex, rufﬂe, shake, worry.
Deﬁnition: disturb the composure of; unsettle.
Usage: The abrupt change of subject disconceited her.
Meaning: tirade, lecture, diatribe, homily, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, invective.
Deﬁnition: a lengthy and aggressive speech.
Usage: They were subjected to a ten-minute harangue by two border guards.
Meaning: unprincipled, immoral, amoral, dishonest, cunning, furtive, sly, bad, evil, wicked.
Deﬁnition: having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.
Usage: Unscrupulous landlords might be tempted to harass existing tenants.
Meaning: moralistic, didactic, dogmatic.
Deﬁnition: having or showing a tendency to give moral advice in a tedious or self-righteous way.
Usage: His patriotic pictures had a preachy tone.
Meaning: unashamed, shameless, brazen, conﬁdent, immodest, unshrinking, fearless.
Deﬁnition: not embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed.
Usage: He was unabashed by the furore his words provoked.
Meaning: histrionic, extravagant, overdone, overripe, overemotional, sentimental.
Deﬁnition: characteristic of melodrama, especially in being exaggerated or overemotional.
Usage: He ﬂung the door open with a melodramatic ﬂourish.
Meaning: imitate, copy, mock, parody, lampoon, caricature.
Deﬁnition: imitate (someone or their actions or words), especially in order to entertain or ridicule.
Usage: He mimicked Super Star Raj ini voice.
Meaning: supporter, adherent, backer, proponent, advocate, promoter, exponent, prime mover.
Deﬁnition: an advocate or champion of a particular cause or idea.
Usage: He‘s a strenuous protagonist of the new agricultural policy.
Meaning: Slang, cant, idiom, argot, patter.
Deﬁnition: special words or expressions used by a profession or group that are difﬁcult for others to understand.
Usage: legal jargon.
Meaning: Reminiscent, suggestive, redolent.
Deﬁnition: bringing strong images, memories, or feelings to mind
Usage: Powerfully evocative lyrics.
Meaning: Undemeath, below, further down, lower down.
Deﬁnition: extending or directly underneath something.
Usage: A house built on stilts to allow air to circulate beneath.
Meaning: utter, complete, absolute, total, pure, perfect, patent.
Deﬁnition: nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis).
Usage: she giggled with sheer delight.
Meaning: afﬂict, bedevil, torment, trouble, beset, dog, curse.
Definition: cause continual trouble or distress to.
Usage: He has been plagued by ill health.
Meaning: ﬁle, log, catalogue, pigeonhole.
Deﬁnition: place or store (something) in an archive.
Usage: The entire directory will be archived.
Meaning: set free, free, release, let out, let go, discharge, deliver.
Deﬁnition: set (someone) free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression.
Usage: The serfs had been liberated.
Meaning: withdraw, retire, draw back, pull back, pull out, fall back, give way.
Definition: (of an army) withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat.
Usage: The French retreated in disarray.
Meaning: battle, ﬁghting, action, conﬂict, war, warfare.
Definition: ﬁghting between anned forces.
Usage: Five Hurricanes were shot down in combat.
Meaning: Pull in, draw in, pull back, sheathe, put away.
Deﬁnition: draw or be drawn back or back in.
Usage: She retracted her hand as if she’d been bum.
Meaning: tolerance, bearing, sufferance
Deﬁnition: the ability to endure an unpleasant or difﬁcult process or situation without giving way.
Usage: She was close to the limit of her endurance.
Meaning: worry, concern, apprehension.
Deﬁnition: a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
Usage: His anxiety grew as his messages were all left unanswered.
Meaning: uncommunicative, secret, silent.
Deﬁnition: (of a person or an organization) inclined to conceal feelings and intentions or not to disclose
Usage: She was very secretive about her past.
Meaning: invasive, obtrusive, unwanted
Deﬁnition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.
Usage: That was an intrusive question.
Meaning: organizer, manager, producer.
Deﬁnition: a person who organizes and often ﬁnances concerts, plays, or operas.
Usage: A theatrical impresario.
Meaning: ﬂagrant, glaring, obvious, undisguised.
Deﬁnition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.
Usage: A blatant lie.
Meaning: sacred, respected, inviolate.
Deﬁnition: (especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered
Usage: The individual‘s right to work has been upheld as sacrosanct.
Meaning: ﬁlter, drain, drip.
Definition: (of a liquid or gas) ﬁlter gradually through a porous surface or substance.
Usage: The water percolating through the soil may leach out minerals.
Meaning: surround, encircle, enclose, ring, envelop.
Deﬁnition: surround; enclose.
Usage: The stone circle was environed by an expanse of peat soil.
Meaning: escort, accompany, help, assist.
Deﬁnition: show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Usage: He ushered him to a window seat.