THE HINDU VOCABULARY

601). Pledge

Meaning: Mortgage, guarantee, pawn.

Definition: give as security on a loan.

Usage: The creditor to whom the land is pledged.

602). Tumultuous

Meaning: loud, deafening, thunderous, thundering, ear- splitting, noisy, vociferous.

Definition: making an uproar or loud, confused noise.

Usage: Tumultuous applause.

603). Coalition

Meaning: alliance, union, partnership, affiliation, bloc, caucus.

Definition: a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Usage: A coalition between Liberals and Conservatives.

604). Inhibit

Meaning: impede, hinder, hamper, discourage, obstruct, slow, retard.

Definition: hinder, restrain, or prevent (an action or process).

Usage: Cold inhibits plant growth.

 

605). Squirm

Meaning: wriggle, wiggle, writhe, twist, slide, slither, turn, shift, fidget.

Definition: wriggle or twist the body from side to side, especially as a result of nervousness or discomfort.

Usage: He looked uncomfortable and squirmed in his chair.

606). Allegedly

Meaning: reportedly, supposedly, reputedly, ostensibly, apparently, presumedly.

Definition: used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no

proof.

Usage: He was allegedly a leading participant in the coup attempt.

607). Creep

Meaning: crawl, squirm, wriggle, writhe, worm, inch, edge.

Definition: move slowly and carefully in order to avoid being heard or noticed.

Usage: He @p_t downstairs, hardly making any noise.

608). Gimmick

Meaning: stunt, contrivanee, scheme, trick, dodge, ploy, stratagem

Definition: a trick or device intended to attract attention, publicity, or trade.

Usage: It is not so much a programme to improve services as a gimmick to gain votes.

609). Provocative

Meaning: annoying, irritating, infuriating, provo maddening, goading king.

Definition: causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.

Usage: A provocative article.

610). Orthodoxy

Meaning: doctrine, belief, creed, dogma, credo, theory, view, idea, practice.

Definition: authorized or generally accepted theory, doctrine, or practice.

Usage: Monetarist orthodoxy.

611). Tendentious

Meaning: partisan, expressing, intending.

Definition: expressing or intending to promote a particular cause or point of view, especially a controversial one.

Usage: A tendentious reading of history.

612). Credence

Meaning: acceptance, belief, faith, trust, confide reliance, traction.

Definition: belief in or acceptance of something true.

Usage: Psychoanalysis finds little credence amolaymen

.

613). Reluctant

Meaning: unwilling, disinclined, grudging, resistant, opposed, antipathetic.

Definition: unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.

Usage: She seemed reluctant to answer.

614). Disingenuous

Meaning: dishonest, deceitful, underhand, underhanded, duplicitous, lying, false

Definition: not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than

one really does.

Usage: This journalist was being somewhat disingenuous as well as cynical

615). Ascribing

Meaning: attribute, assign, put down, set down, accredit, credit.

Definition: regard something as being due to (a cause).

Usage: He ascribued J ane‘s short temper to her up stomach.

616). Maverick

Meaning: individualist, nonconfonnist, free spirit, eccentric, outerside.

Definition: an unorthodox or independent-minded person.

Usage: He’s the maverick of the senate.

 

617). Verdict

Meaning: judgement, adjudication, decision, finding, ruling, resolution, decree, order.

Definition: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

Usage: The jury returned a verdict of not guilty.

618). Embroil

Meaning: Involve, entangle, ensnare, enmesh, catch up, mix up, bog down, mire.

Definition: involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation.

Usage: The organization is currently embroiled in running battles with pressure groups.

619). Reckless

Meaning: rash, careless, thoughtless, incautions, heedless, unheeding, inattentive, precipitate.

Definition: heedless of danger or the consequences of one’s actions; rash or impetuous.

Usage: You mustn‘t be so reckless“.

620). Legislative

Meaning: law-making, judicial, juridical, administrative.

Definition: having the power to make laws.

Usage: The country‘s supreme legislative body.

621). Scepticism

Meaning: Doubt, doubtfulness, Dubiousness, lack ofconviction.

Definition: a sceptical attitude; doubt as to the truth of something.

Usage: These claims were treated with scepticism.

622). Contingent

Meaning: Chance, accidental, fortuitous, possible, unforeseen, unpredictable.

Definition: subject to chance.

Usage: The contingent nature of the job.

623). Culmination

Meaning: Climax, pinnacle, peak, high point, Height, crest, zenith.

Definition: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.

Usage: The deal marked the culmination of years of negotiation.

624). Surrogate

Meaning: substitute, proxy, replacement.

Definition: a substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a specific role or office.

Usage: Wives of MP5 are looked on as surrogates for their husbands while the latter are at Westminster.

625). Enumerate

Meaning: List, itemize, catalogue, set out, set forth, give.

Definition: mention (a number of things) one by one.

Usage: There is not space to enumerate all his works.

626). Altruistic

Meaning: Unselfish, selfless, self-denying.

Definition: showing a disinterested and selfless concem for the well-being of others; unselfish.

Usage: It was an entirely altruistic act.

627). Maverick

Meaning: Individualist, nonconfonnist, free spirit, eccentric, outsider, trendsetter.

Definition: an unorthodox or independent-minded person.

Usage: he‘s the maverick of the senate.

628). Promulgate

Meaning: make public, publicize, announce, proclaim, circulate.

Definition: promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).

Usage: These objectives have to be promulgated within the organization .

629). pecuniary

Meaning: financial, money, monetary, fiscal, capital, commercial.

Definition: relating to or consisting of money.

Usage: He admitted obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception.

630). Ponderous

Meaning: clumsy, slow, heavy, awkward, graceless.

Definition: slow and clumsy because of great weight.

Usage: A swarthy, ponderous giant of a man.

631). Expedite

Meaning: Speed up, accelerate, hurry, hasten, step up, quicken.

Definition: make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

Usage: He promised to expedite economic reforms.

632). Conscience

Meaning: moral sense, sense of right, still small voice.

Definition: a person’s moral sense of right and wrong, viewed as acting as a guide to one’s behaviour.

Usage: He had a guilty conscience about his desires.

633). Contravene

Meaning: Break, breach, violate.

Definition: offend against the prohibition or order of (a law, treaty, or code of conduct).

Usage: He contravened the official Secrets Act.

634). Sanctum

Meaning: Holy place, shrine, altar, refuge, foxhole, hiding place.

Definition: a sacred place, especially a shrine within a temple or church.

Usage: An icon installed within the sanctum of the temple

635). Whopping

Meaning: Huge, massive, enormous, gigantic, vcry big, very large.

Definition: very large.

Usage: A whopping $74 million loss.

636). Assassination

Meaning: Murder, killing, political execution, slaughter, butchery, extermination, tennination.

Definition: the action of assassinating someone.

Usage: The assassination of President Kennedy.

637). Foil

Meaning: thwart, oppose, baulk, disappoint, impede, obstruct.

Definition: prevent (something considered wrong or undesirable) from succeeding.

Usage: A brave policewoman foiled the armed robbery.

638). Motley

Meaning: Mixed, diverse, assorted, sundry, varied, disparate.

Definition: incongmously varied in appearance or character; disparate.

Usage: A motley crew of discontents and zealots.

639). Facetious

Meaning: Flippant, flip, glib, joking, jocular, playful, impish.

Definition: treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humour; flippant.

Usage: A facetious remark.

640). Murky

Meaning: dark, gloomy, grey, leaden, dull, dim, cloudy.

Definition: dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.

Usage: The sky was murky and a thin drizzle was falling.

641). Lynch

Synonyms: hang, hang by the neck.

Meaning: (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by

hanging.

Usage: Her father had been lynched by whites.

642). Arid

Synonyms: dry, dried up, waterless, as dry as a bone, thirsty, Dull.

Meaning: lacking in interest, excitement, or meaning.

Usage: His arid years in suburbia.

643). Impresario

Synonyms: Organizer, manager, producer, stage manager.

Meaning: a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, or operas.

Usage: Amit Shah plays impresario to this knee-jerk nationalism.

644). Gravitas

Synonyms: dignity, seriousness, solemnity, gravity, loftiness, grandeur.

Meaning: dignity, seriousness, or solemnity of manner.

Usage: A post for which he has the expertise and the gravitas.

645). Manace

Synonyms: Danger, peril, risk, hazard, threat.

Meaning: a person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger.

Usage: A new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs.

646). Fetish

Synonyms: fixation, obsession, compulsion, mania.

Meaning: a form of sexual desire in which gratification is linked to an abnormal degree to a particular object,

item of clothing, part of the body, etc.

Usage: A man with a fetish for surgical masks.

647). Blatant

Synonyms: flagrant, manifest, unmistakable, open, obvious.

Meaning: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.

Usage: Blatant lies.

648). Sacrosanct

Synonyms: sacred, hallowed, inviolable, inviolate, untouchable.

Meaning: (especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered

with.

Usage: The individual’s right to work has been upheld as sacrosanct.

649). Martyr

Synonyms: suffer from, be a constant sufferer from, have chronic.

Meaning: a person who displays or exaggerates their discomfort or distress in order to obtain sympathy.

Usage: She wanted to play the martyr.

650). Swoop

Synonyms: dive, descend, drop, plunge, pitch.

Meaning: (especially of a bird) move rapidly downwards through the air.

Usage: The bam owl can swoop down on a mouse in total darkness.

651). Flare

Meaning: Blaze, flash, flame, burn up.

Definition: burn or shine with a sudden intensity.

Usage: The bonfire crackled and flared up.

652). Trigger

Meaning: Activate, set off, set going, trip.

Definition: cause (a device) to function.

Usage: Burglars fled empty-handed after triggering the alarm.

653). Evacuate

Meaning: remove, clear, move out, shift, take away, expel, evict.

Definition: remove (someone) from a place of danger to a safer place.

Usage: Several families were evacuated from their homes.

654). Advocacy

Meaning: support for, argument for, arguing for, calling for, pushing for.

Definition: public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or policy.

Usage: His outspoken advocacy of the agreement has won no friends.

655). Allegation

Meaning: claim, assertion, declaration, witness, evidence, hint, intimation.

Definition: a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without

proof.

Usage: He made allegations of corruption against the administration.

656). Agitation

Meaning: anxiety, perturbation, distress, concern, alann, worry.

Definition: a state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

Usage: She was wringing her hands in agitation.

657). Eradicate

Meaning: get rid of, eliminate, do away with, remove, suppress.

Definition: destroy completely; put an end to.

Usage: This disease has been eradicated from the World.

658). Turmoil

Meaning: confusion, tumult, disorder, commotion, unrest, trouble, upset.

Definition: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Usage: The country was in turmoil.

659). Assent

Meaning: agree to, approve, bless.

Definition: express approval or agreement.

Usage: The Prime Minister assented to the change.

670). Assist

Meaning: help, aid, abet, give assistance.

Definition: help (someone), typically by doing a share of the work.

Usage: A senior academic would assist him in his work.

671). Flared

Meaning: Blaze, flash, flame.

Definition: bum or shine with a sudden intensity.

Usage: A match flared as he lit a cigarette.

672). Triggered

Meaning: activate, set off, set going, trip

Definition: cause (a device) to function.

Usage: Burglars fled empty-handed after triggering the alarm.

673). Advocacy

Meaning: support for, argument for, arguing for, calling for.

Definition: public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or policy.

Usage: His outspoken advocacy of the agreement has won no friends.

674). Allegation

Meaning: claim, assertion, declaration, statement.

Definition: a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without

proof.

Usage: He made allegations of corruption against the administration.

675). Agitation

Meaning: anxiety, perturbation, distress, concern.

Definition: a state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

Usage: She was wringing her hands in agitation.

676). Eradicate

Meaning: get rid of, eliminate, do away with, remove

Definition: destroy completely; put an end to.

Usage: This disease has been eradicated from the world.

677). Turmoil

Meaning: confiision, disorder, disturbance

Definition: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Usage: A time of great political turmoil.

678). Fumigate

Meaning: disinfect, purify, sterilize.

Definition: disinfect or purify (an area) with the fumes of certain chemicals.

Usage: We got sulphur candles to fumigate the house.

679). Veer

Meaning: career, swing, wheel, twist.

Definition: change direction suddenly.

Usage: An oil tanker that had veered off course.

680). Valiant

Meaning: brave, courageous, fearless.

Definition: possessing or showing courage or determination.

Usage: She made a valiant effort to hold her anger in check.

681). Posterity

Meaning: future generations, succeeding generations.

Definition: all future generations of people.

Usage: the names of those who died are recorded for posterity on a framed scroll.

682). Relinquish

Meaning: renounce, give up, part with tum over.

Definition: voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up.

Usage: he relinquished his managerial role to become chief executive.

683). Persuade

Meaning: convince, talk someone into, induce.

Definition: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

Usage: it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing.

684). Ancestry

Meaning: forebears, forefathers, parentage.

Definition: one‘s family or ethnic descent.

Usage: he was proud of his Irish ancestry.

685). Propulsion

Meaning: thrust, motive force, impulse.

Definition: the action of driving or pushing forwards.

Usage: they dive and use their wings for propulsion under water.

686). Ephemeral

Meaning: transient, fleeting, passing.

Definition: lasting for a very short time.

Usage: fashions are ephemeral, new ones regularly drive out the old.

687). Dissuade

Meaning: discourage, deter, prevent, disincline.

Definition: persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action.

Usage: his friends tried to dissuade him from flying.

688). Persist

Meaning: persevere, continue, carry on.

Definition: continue in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition.

Usage: the minority of drivers who persist in drinking.

689). Scarce

Meaning: short, in short supply, scant.

Definition: (especially of food, money, or some other resource) insufficient for the demand.

Usage: as raw materials became scarce, synthetics were developed.

690). Perpetual

Meaning: everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent.

Definition: never ending or changing.

Usage: the population lived in a perpetual state of fear.

691). Shrewd

Meaning: astute, sharp, acute, intelligent.

Definition: having or showing sharp powers of judgement; astute.

Usage: She was shrewd enough to guess the motive behind his gesture.

692). Subvert

Meaning: destabilize, unsettle, overthrow, overturn.

Definition: undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).

Usage: An attempt to subvert democratic government.

 

693). Emergence

Meaning: disclosure, exposure, publication.

Definition: the process of becoming visible after being concealed.

Usage: I misjudged the timing of my emergence.

694). Muster

Meaning: assemble, bring together, mobilize.

Definition: assemble (troops), especially for inspection or in preparation for battle.

Usage: They had mustered 50,000 troops.

695). Ordeal

Meaning: trail, tribulation, test.

Definition: a very unpleasant and prolonged experience.

Usage: The ordeal of having to give evidence.

696). Infallible

Meaning: error free, flawless, perfect.

Definition: incapable of making mistakes or being wrong.

Usage: She had an infallible sense of timing.

697). Assiduous

Meaning: careful, diligent, attentive.

Definition: showing great care and perseverance.

Usage: She was assiduous in pointing out every feature.

698). Shoddy

Meaning: Poor Quality, inferior, rubbishy.

Definition: badly made or done.

Usage: We‘re not paying good money for shoddy goods.

699). Inducement

Meaning: incentive, attraction, encouragement, temptation.

Definition: a thing that persuades or leads someone to do something.

Usage: Companies were prepared to build only in return for massive inducements.

700). Contemptuous

Meaning: scomful, disdainful, disrespectful, insulting, insolent.

Definition: showing contempt; scomful.

Usage: She was intolerant and contemptuous of the majority of the human race.

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